Spanish Civil War
(1936–39), military revolt against the Republican government of Spain, supported by conservative elements within the country. When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody civil war ensued, fought with great ferocity on both sides. The Nationalists, as the rebels were called, received aid from fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. The Republicans received aid from the Soviet Union, as well as from International Brigades, composed of volunteers from Europe and the United States.
The war was an outcome of a polarization of Spanish life and politics that had developed over previous decades.
Second, France and its response to the Spanish Civil War had a noninterventionist policy by the French government. To start, Jose M. Sanchez’s main argument in the international Catholic response to the war was that, “No event of political or social significance since the beginning of the nineteenth century engendered such heated religious debate among Christians worldwide as did the Spanish Civil War.” The war signified a Catholic united condemnation for or against the war but the politics involved with the war led to an ideological push to support one side over the other. As Sanchez argued, “In France, a majority Catholic nation with a strong tradition of anticlericalism and a powerful intellectual community, there was a loud and prestigious
...ur taken prisoners. As a result, Wilson prepared a letter to Congress demanding a full-scale war and an ultimatum was sent to Carranza, demanding the release of all American prisoners, which Mexico had already threatened to kill. Within days, all prisoners were released and all international bridges were seized. Although Carranza was finished, Pancho Villa was not ready to throw in the towel. Thus, he prepared for a series of attacks to come. General Pershing reported to Wilson of Villa’s repeated violence, but Villa continued, capturing many towns held by Carranzista forces. On January 1917, Pancho Villa gathered his forces to capture Toreon. In the end, hundreds of his men were dead and his defeat was seized upon by Wilson as a convenient way out of the problems in Mexico.
The Spanish and American War
The Americans were brought into The Spanish and American War on February 15,1898. The Americans came into this war because a naval boat of ours called the Maine was blown up. On that boat, 327of our sailors were killed in the explosion. With this explosion, the navy used it by having a slogan ,“Remember the Maine,” to get volunteers into the navy to help fight. We though that the Spanish were to blame for blowing up our ship.
The Spanish Civil War played a significant role during the troublesome Europe in the 1930s. Although it did not make World War II inevitable, it increased the likelihood of a general war a great deal. The war had a tremendous impact on Spain itself, leaving much of the state's economic and social infrastructure in ruins and leaving thousands dead. But the war also saw involvement from other European states as both sides of the conflict, the right wing Nationalists and the left wing Republicans requested and received foreign aid not only in terms of financial assets, but also in terms of war material and troops. Adolf Hitler's Germany was one of the foreign countries most involved in the conflict, contributing economic loans as well as several
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR 1898
The Spanish-American War was a war fought for Cuban independence. It was fought in 1898 and resulted in an American victory. The causes of the Spanish-American War are as follows. In 1985 Lose Marti led a revolt against the Spanish, fighting for Cuban independence.
April 15, 1898, was a pivotal movement in American history. The United States declared war upon Spain, and forever changed the lives of people in both countries. The war between the United States and Spain was preceded by three years of fighting by Cuban revolutionaries attempting to gain independence from Spanish colonial rule. Throughout these three years, many causes for a declaration of war were created adding fuel to a growing fire of outrage throughout the nation.
In the latter half of the nineteenth century, tensions in Cuba were rapidly rising. The Cuban Ten Year’s War from 1868 to 1878 had sparked a fire for independence from Spain with the natives. In 1892, José Julián Martí y Pérez formed El Partido Revolucionario Cubano, or the Cuban Revolutionary party. The Cuban independence movement known as Ejército Libertador de Cuba began in February of 1895 with the motto, “Independencio o Muerte” (Independence or Death). Multiple minor battles between Cuba and Spain took place that year. (Library of Congress)
... arrange a Military Junta.” (Goldenberg 1965: 163) However, before the plan could be put into operation, ‘the battle of Santa’ Clara took place, ending in a total fiasco for government troops.”(Goldenberg 1965: 163; Macgaffey 1962: 293) On the night of December 31, Batista and his collaborators fled to Dominica Republic. (Macgaffey 1962: 293) Immediately, Fidel called for general strike and subsequently, other major cities surrendered and Fidel and his rebels marched to Havana. (Goldenberg 1965: 163; Macgaffey 1962: 293)
Franco’s forces had significant military advantage over the loyalists since they had armed forces, weapons, and allies to assist them and that caused the outbreak of the civil war. On the other hand, the loyalist army lacked everything, even mundane and necessary objects such as field glasses and maps (1227). German soldiers and armies fought against Spanish peasants, anarchist workers, shop clerks, and foreign volunteers—many of who did not speak Spanish—and leftists did not fare well (1227). For the republican loyalists, it was impossible to only count on their countrymen. They depended on receiving arms, weapons, and general supplies from the western democratic countries (1228). Britain for example, did not want to go to war; the British government wanted to