The human Genome Project was designed to identify all the approximate 20,000-25,000 genes in human in DNA, determine the seque

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What is the Human Genome Project?

The Human Genome Project was established to identify the genes that

make us who we are. It is a worldwide research effort with the goal of

analyzing the structure and to identify all the approximate

20,000-25,000 genes of human DNA and determining the location of the

estimated 100,000 human genes. The DNA of a set of model organisms

will be studied to provide the information necessary for understanding

the functioning of the human genome and improve tools for data

analysis. However, there also are many ethical and moral issues, which

are often overlooked by scientific researchers. The following essay

will be looking at the pros and cons of the human genome project.

There are many possible benefits that can be achieved from the Human

Genome project such as identifying genes responsible for different

diseases and mental illnesses so then they can be prevented such as

schizophrenia, breast cancer, or heart disease. There are many goals

for the human genome project in the future;

* Molecular medicine- This is to improve diagnosis of diseases,

earlier detection of genetic diseases, rational drug design, along

with gene therapy and control systems for drugs. Technology and

resources promoted by the Human Genome Project are starting to

have great impacts on biomedical research and clinical medicine.

Increasingly detailed genome maps have aided researchers seeking

genes associated with dozens of genetic conditions, including,

inherited colon cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and familial breast


* Energy sources and environmental applications- This is the use o...

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...ed with gene tests for complex conditions

(e.g., heart disease) linked to multiple genes and gene-environment


· Health and environmental issues concerning genetically modified

foods (GM) and microbes, for example Are GM foods and other products

safe to humans and the environment

· Commercialization of products including property rights (patents,

copyrights, and trade secrets) and accessibility of data and

materials. Also the question about who will own the genes.

In conclusion, the Human Genome Project has many positive aspects

about it such as its help in medicine to help find genes that can

cause breast cancer or heart disease however at the same time its has

its disadvantages such as its social and ethical issues. In my opinion

it will help people in the long run so should be continued.
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