The effects of Sea-Surface Temperatures on North Atlantic Hurricanes

2340 Words10 Pages
The effects of Sea-Surface Temperatures on North Atlantic Hurricanes Graphics missing Abstract: Is global warming causing an increase in the number or the intensity of hurricanes? This is a question that has been on many people’s minds the past several years. Many studies have been conducted to look at the potential effects of global warming on hurricanes. This review attempts to examine three studies that all compare past changes in sea-surface temperature with changes in hurricane numbers, intensity, and power. These studies provide some insight into the debate on whether or not global warming is having an impact on recent hurricanes. This review will discuss the findings of these studies and offer some discussion on the debate. Ever since a record four hurricanes slammed the Florida coast in the summer of 2004, the potential of human impacts on hurricanes have become a hot topic in the media. Research has been done on this topic for many years, but it has only been recently that it has started to gain widespread media attention, and a heated debate has begun both inside and outside of the scientific community. Many questions remain unanswered. Many studies are being conducted to try to find answers, and to try to determine if there is actually a link between hurricanes and climate change. This review will examine just a few of the many studies that have been done to examine the relationship between hurricanes and climate change. First, I will offer a summary of each study. I will then compare each of their approaches and offer some of my own conclusions. This research topic is surprisingly broad. There are so many combinations of factors that can possibly effect each other. It seems that eve... ... middle of paper ... ...ffects hurricane formation and development, and has Emanuel shows in his study, SST increases alone cannot account for the increases in hurricane intensity that we have seen in recent years (2005). There doesn’t seem to be a question that we are in an upward trend of hurricanes, the main question seems to be, is this trend explained by natural variability? Works Cited Emanuel, K., 2005: Increasing Destructiveness of Tropical Cyclones Over the Past 30 Years. Nature, 436, 686-688. Goldenberg, S.B., C.W. Landsea, A.M. Mestas-Nunez, W.M. Gray, 2001: The Recent Increase in Atlantic Hurricane Activity: Causes and Implications. Science, 293, 474-479. Webster, P.J., G.J. Holland, J.A. Curry, H-R. Chang, 2005: Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment. Science. 309, 1844-1846.

More about The effects of Sea-Surface Temperatures on North Atlantic Hurricanes

Open Document