The da Vinci Surgical System

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The da Vinci Surgical System is a computer enhanced system that replicates a surgeon’s movements using mechanical arms that hold electromechanical instruments. The name is based on Leonardo Da Vinci, who designed a humanoid automaton in 1495, and worked with anatomical design (Intuitive Surgical, 2005). This system is also referred to as a telemanipulator robot, which means “master-slave.” The surgeon, or “master,” is seated at a console away from the bedside and can view the surgical field, in real time, through an endoscope. The surgeon can be seated either in the room, or over long distances. The da Vinci, or “slave” is not programmed, nor can it make decisions to perform any type of surgical maneuver on its own (Davies, 2006). It is solely controlled by the movements of the surgeon. This system is composed of 4 parts: surgeon's console, surgical cart, vision tower, and endowrist instruments. The console is the control unit for the rest of the system. It interprets the view of the surgical site into a three dimensional image that is displayed in front of the surgeon's eyes. The surgical cart is the actual robot at the bedside that performs the surgery. The robot has three arms, two of these hold the instruments and the other holds the camera. The vision tower handles the two channeled images and processes the connection between the camera and the monitor. The endowrist instruments that are attached to the arms give extra degrees of freedom that increase the surgeon’s hand capabilities. This provides the opportunity to perform complex surgeries through tiny incisions. The da Vinci is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for several procedures and is currently being used in the United States and eig... ... middle of paper ... ...omise the chance to guide our future and define the role of nursing in the health care technology revolution. However, in utilizing this technology and becoming masters of it, we can carve out a new niche for ourselves. As nurses, we can maintain the patient focus in this high-performance, automated, and sometimes cold world of technology by focusing on solid nursing principles of assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation to provide compassionate, nurturing care with attention to patient safety.” Abiding by basic nursing practices will enable professionals to retain the human side of caring. However, advanced knowledge associated with technology, is important to secure successful outcomes. Embracing technology and allowing it to enter the medical world will open a door of opportunities and will assist health professionals in providing better patient care.
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