The case for and against capital punishment

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Capital punishment, also known as death penalty or execution, is the sentence that a criminal must fulfil preceding committing a capital crime. Capital crimes consist of mass murders, treachery and other offenses. The English word ’Capital’ is derived from Latin ‘Capitalis’ meaning the head – ‘caput’ as the sentence was normally served by decapitating the criminal. The sentence has been in practise for thousands of years, used in almost every society in the world at some point. However, it is used less in retentionist countries – for example, China is suspected to have executed around one thousand seven hundred people but could be up to six thousand in 2009, Iran executed at least three hundred and eighty-eight and Iraq at least one hundred and twenty. The United States only executed fifty-two, due to many states now phasing out the sentence. China and other developed authoritarian countries used the death penalty as a potent means of political oppression but are also overwhelmingly used in poor authoritarian countries also for political oppression. One of the first recorded uses of capital punishment was used in Ancient Greece, the Athenian legal system was written by Draco in 621 B.C. included the death penalty for a wide range of uses. This legal system was well known to be decisively harsh in which all crimes had a final sentence of capital punishment, and could only be carried out by the state making vendettas illegal. After a war with the city of Megara, the rulers were banished from Athens and a legislator called Solon re-wrote the laws to relieve the misery, and between 594 and 614 B.C. the unnecessary harsh laws were repealed. It was also revealed that the Soviets executed one hundred and fifty eight thousand soldie... ... middle of paper ... ...en in revenge, either by the Bible – “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth” (Matthew 5:38–39) or else. The Bible quotation suggests that revenge must be taken for evil doing by others. This stance would also affect the all humans right to life. Scientist Michael McCann and Sociologist David Johnson argue that ‘attempts to whittle away capital punishment have made it more difficult to end the practise of state killing’ in their book - ‘The Road to Abolition? The Future of Capital Punishment in the United States’. For the foreseeable future, I forecast capital punishment still to be practised. It isn’t something come to an end completely but it’s in our genes as humans. From day one on planet earth, we have been killing each other - for revenge, judicial purposes or other reasons, it may take a long time before capital punishment to be phased out worldwide.
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