The body’s natural response to stress with particular attention to PTSD and the appropriate physiological and psychological treatments.
1054 Words5 Pages
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder can occur in anyone who has witnessed a traumatic event. Military personnel, rape victims and myocardial infarction sufferers are most likely to develop the highly debilitating illness that can present days or decades after an event. Sufferers exhibit numerous psychological and physiological symptoms including anxiety, depression, and insomnia, with vivid flashbacks leaving sufferers feeling venerable and hyperaroused in daily situations (NHS 2013). To cope with PTSD, the mind uses repressive or rational coping mechanisms and their benefits and hindrances will be discussed in this essay. When these mechanisms are insufficient, physiological treatments of drugs and psychological treatments of psychotherapy can be administered to manage symptoms. The advantages and limitations associated with each treatment will also be discussed.
Many of those who have experienced traumatic events develop a coping mechanism to try to process their experiences. One such mechanism is repressive coping. This involves blocking out stimuli which prompt memories of the event. A study by Ginzberg, Solomon and Bleich (2002) provided evidence that those displaying signs of repressive coping were less likely to show PTSD symptoms following a myocardial infarction. They found that repressors had the lowest rate of clinical PTSD at only 7.1 percent compared to 20 percent of low anxious participants, 19.4 percent of high anxious participants and 17.2 percent of those with defensive tendencies. Those presenting repressive coping also had lower instances of any degree of PTSD with 82.1 percent showing no symptoms compared to 70 percent of the low anxious group, 36.1 percent of the high anxious group and 44.8 percent of the defensive group. They also had lower instances of hyperarousal and avoidance. This demonstrates that those who use repressive coping