The Zulu Manual

1105 Words5 Pages
The circle of the sun touched the horizon and brought yellowish tinge to everything visible on African ground. Twilight was turning to dusk while a bunch of humanlike creatures hastily approaching the shelter. Two of them dragged an antelope. The lifeless body of the poor animal grooved the sand in front of a cave. Behind them, their accomplices carried the collections of dried branches. Before long, fire was set up and the cave was filled with the smell of roasted meat. As for the tribe, it was a day of fortune. Early that morning they had started searching for food. Suddenly they had found themselves in a dangerously occupied grassy opening. A couple of lions had enjoyed the shade under a solitary tree. Luckily, they had been so heavy-eyed after feasting themselves with an abundant catch that the tribe got a chance to exercise stealthy retreat to the safety. What a delightful end of the day! The band tears apart the antelope roast mumbling delightfully. After a while, one of the creatures turns hot ash into the fire and shadows start playing onto the cave walls. They gather around the primate who begins drawing something onto the limestone side. Many curious eyes peep over the painter’s shoulders. They try to figure out the meaning of the sketch emerging from the wall. Mumbling grows in intensity, and when the painter concludes his effort, they spot a pattern of frightening fangs. A sigh of relief floods the cave, “INGONYAMA!” They recollect morning’s events and start clapping each other to acknowledge their joy about getting the message. However, the fellow before the wall turns to the crowd again and stretching forward his left hand produces two distinctive fingers up. Another cry of delight floods the cave. They get... ... middle of paper ... ...gered our evolution beyond our closest biological relatives. Languages are what have made us different from other primates - not a posture of my or your body. Ability to collect experience in a form of a knowledge base is essential. Keep in mind languages have grown on the application of simple rules we call the laws of Nature. Yet, once applied, languages have developed to remarkable tools, which we daily use without being amazed at their sophisticated structure. This book is devoted to a study of one of human languages we call English. The language, which, thanks to its flexibility and rich vocabulary, stands alone as a serious candidate for long waited lingua franca (the language for all people). By the way, the word “INGONNYAMA”, in many African languages, serves as a symbol of meat. However, in Xhosa language it indicates a king of all animals – a lion.
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