All together, these factors describe the imprisonment of women in the domestic sphere and gilded cage that they were expected to exist in and the control held over them by men. Early on we the readers come to find that John is the epitome of a dominating spouse. He treats his wife as an inferior and as though she is nothing more than an object in their marriage, “John laughs at me, of course, but one expects that in marriage” (Gilman 1). In John’s mind his wife’s ideas and thoughts aren’t important enough to be taken seriously, and thus never gives her a second thought when she begins to mention her thoughts on the house and her deteriorating mental state. It is also clear from this statement that John’s wife brushes off his laughter because it is what is expected in society.
Charlotte Gilman’s short story “The Yellow wallpaper” is about a woman who retreats into an obsessive fantasy, due to the fact that she feels imprisoned in a marriage where she has little to no say in her own life. We learn in the beginning of the story that our character suffers from a nervous disorder, that we now know today as post-partum depression. In the search for a treatment our Narrators husband, John, prescribes “Rest Therapy”. The “Rest Therapy” that is prescribed prevents her from “working”, seeing friends, and enforces isolation. Although our Narrator strongly disagrees with the treatment she doesn’t do anything about it and follows his orders.
The popular impression of man is discarded in favor of a more realistic view, thus illustrating society's distorted views. Ibsen, through this controversial play, has an impact upon society's view of the subordinate position of women. By describing this role of woman, discussing its effects, and predicting a change in contemporary views, he stressed the importance of woman's realization of this believed inferiority. Woman should no longer be seen as the shadow of man, but a person in herself, with her own triumphs and tragedies. The exploration of Nora reveals that she is dependant upon her husband and displays no independent standing.
The narrator knows that she is not too well and that John - her husband does not realize the intensity of her sickness, he ignores her continuous efforts to make him aware of the real situation and her suffering. To make the situation worse he imposes his opinions on her even when it comes to her health. This story shows us the life and the thoughts of the narrator which lead her to be free, but go out of her mind in the sense of the real world. This story is written as if the narrator is writing it. The narrator is sick and her husband has made her a study project, She is continuously watched and thus she has no privacy.
She goes on to say that her husband,” hates to have [her] write a word” and hurriedly tries to hide away her notebook (Gilman ___). This Guevara 2 quote displays the woman’s incoherence to her own submissive condition in her marriage, since she is not allowed to write... ... middle of paper ... ...e end of this short story, the narrator has freed herself from the constraints of her marriage, society, and even freed her own mind. In the short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, the narrator of the story undergoes a variable amount of changes in order to free herself from the chains of society. Her journey ranges from being honest and compliant to the patterns of domestic, marital status to becoming a woman who frees herself from the suppressive expectations of a woman in society. Her insanity displays a paradox, as she becomes saner by the end of her transformation, causing her to free herself from her repressed mind, and marital expectations.
From the choice of room to expression of her own feelings, the narrator is consistently denied the chance to act upon her own desires and to have them validated by the people around her. The sense of both duty towards and dependency on her husband is a dominate theme in the story. Mental illness is both denied and caused by the social relations of which she does get to participate. As the story progresses, Perkins contrasts the relative coldness of those surrounding her narrator with the life she finds in the wallpaper: “I never saw so much expression in an inanimat... ... middle of paper ... ... tragedy of the story however, is that the narrator will certainly be put into permanent internment, as her peers will seek to assert their own opinions with more directly. In conclusion, “Yellow Wallpaper” presents a situation in which its narrator is subject to controlling, rationalistic logic by male authority figures and is incapable of responding to her own needs.
The mental restrictions more than the physical ones, are what eventually drive her to insanity. She feels like she has to hide her anxieties and fears in order to preserve the façade of a happy marriage and to make it seem as though she is actually getting better. The most unbearable aspect of her treatment is the silence and idleness of the “resting cure”, she is forced to become completely passive and prohibited from exercising her mind in any way. The narrator’s eventual insanity is a result of the repression of her imagination, not the expression of it. She is constantly longing for an emotional and intellectual outlet, even going so far as to keep a secret journal.
An example of Emma’s fluctuation of moods is after Leon’s departure. Once he left, to deem herself from the lack of love toward her husband, Emma transformed into the model wife. She would go from constantly thinking about another man, to another woman that no one would even dare think about accusing of considering adultery. I think that in her variability of moods, Emma is simply lost in her desire. The contrast between her romantic illusions and the realities of society create a condition in which she has no control over her emotions.
After entering into the statehood of married women, she starts searching for an ideal love. But very soon she realizes the pointlessness of her search. She finds the remedy worse than the disease. For example, she turns to a group of lovers when she fails to find or receive love from her large husband. But they said each of them, she does not love, she cannot love, it is not.
The woman’s needs and desires are not acknowledged even in marriage. Women are conditioned against any expression of their sexuality. The Nawab fails to realize that she has entered this marriage with certain hopes and desires but he totally ignores the sexual needs of his new bride . As he romances with the young boys “in gossamer shirts,” he never bothers to acknowledge the sexual expectations of his own wife, who lay lonely, restricted and neglected. The very fact that he purposefully kept a poor young girl to meet the societal duty of marriage, never bothering about how he would never be able to fulfil her sexual needs.How such inequality and oppression can lead a woman into a sense of complete loneliness and depression is another important aspect that is brought to light by Ismat Chughtai.