Just as the quote has displayed, the policy has changed the reality of the Chinese and has created horrible results that may never be corrected (Scutti). China’s one-child policy has caused irreversible effects, proved to be unnecessary, and is still influencing the world today (Anders). To begin, the one-child policy was created in 1979 to control China’s booming population. The policy was a result of a rise in the population from 542 million in 1949 to 975 million in 1979. With the loss of their leader, Mao Zedong, in 1976, the government feared not being able to provide for the growing population (Scutti).
Many Chinese families are in massive amounts of debt and adding another child to that is simply not possible. The Chinese government saw a problem but tried to fix it the wrong way. They have succeeded in controlling their population but in hindsight they have created a problem much more problematic to the Chinese culture. Having way more men than women is only going to cause sex trafficking, selling of brides, and prostitution rates to rises. Homosexuality may even become more accepted in Chinese culture as an end result to the huge gender imbalance.
Previous leaders had encouraged citizens to have more children in order for the nation to prosper. Furthermore, within the Chinese culture, a large family was considered a traditional sign of happiness. However, leaders recognized the future problems stemming from the population growth rate. With the rapid population growth, China’s ability to produce food would soon be unable to sustain the population. Recent history, the famine of 1958 which killed 20 million Chinese citizens, had taught the Chinese leaders that a lack of food can soon create a desperate situation.
For quite sometime the Yuan exchange rate has drawn massive criticism from developed countries, especially the US. This is because critics believe the Yuan is undervalued and therefore gives China’s exporters undue advantage. True to that, China has positioned itself as an export destination. Immediately in 1994 after it deliberately engaged in measures to undervalue its currency by adopting a pegged exchange rate regime, China transformed itself from trade deficit to trade surplus country. Even after dropping its fixed exchange rate regime in 2005, China has been accused severally of continuing to deliberately undervaluing its currency.
These deficits have been seen to harm the working American families especially those that are within the most affected sectors like manufacturing. These trade relations have been affected by the strained quarrels over China’s alleged manipulation of its currency and usage of industry-subsidies which are deemed illegal. This has triggered the argument within the American government that it is out of these malpractices that the United ... ... middle of paper ... ...r un-Making the entire global economic system that initially was designed and dominated by the United States since World War Two. Works Cited Holliday, Katie. “Trade gap with China costs the US $37 billion in wages”.
Web. 23 March 2014. Traditions. “The History of the Chinese Mask.” Traditions-Cultural-China.com. n.d.
5 May 2014. Mosher, Steven W. "China's One-Child Policy: Twenty-Five Years Later." Human Life Review 32.1 (2006): 76. MasterFILE Premier. Web.
National economics are often adversarial in nature, a global contest where countries seek to gain advantage over their neighbors, all in the name of wealth and gain. America is no stranger to the game; the U.S. has been the world’s economic leader for the better part of a century. China, however, is the leading contender for the economic top-spot (), and America continues playing directly into China’s hand. America’s current trading posture with China is drastically skewed in China’s favor; if America is going to preserve its position as the leading economic power, existing U.S.-Chinese trading agreements will need to be revised, and additional regulations must be introduced to promote balanced dealing. The consequences of losing the global economic contest are very real.
For centuries, China is considered the most populous country in the world. It has a population of more than 1.3 billion, consitituting nearly 1/5 of the world population. Such a large population not only adds burdens to the world as a whole but also creates lots of social, economic and environmental challenges within the domestic sphere. To cope with these problems, the Chinese government established the One Child Policy in 1979, putting strains on the number of children allowed to be born. The policy is credited with lowering fertility rate to an all time low level and contributing to spectacular economic development, but the cost is also apparent and takes a great number of forms.
The One-Child policy, one of China’s many controversial acts is said to have prevented 400 million births and substantially slow the country’s rapid population growth. The population has grown from just under 600 million in 1950 to over 1.2 billion in 2000. The policy created to decrease the over all population of the country preventing famine and other obstacles has had several unforeseen consequences. For one the policy has produced an aging country with young people a rarity. The one child policy has limited the number of young people coming into the work force, and with modern medicine the life expectancy was 73.49 as of 2011.