The World War II Home Front

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The World War II Home Front In September 1939 Britain went to war against Germany, the war lasted until 1945 in Europe. Throughout this time there was always on front, which was constant, this was the home front. The home front was the front at which the British people were involved. Those who were not fighting were expected to work for the British war gain and to support the war fully. They were also expected to make some sacrifices for the good of the country. In this essay I will be examining to what extent the home front and the people on it affected the outcome of the war for Britain. I will be examining different factors including those affecting production and those affecting morale. There are a number of factors affecting production and output these included union militancy, morale and how the industries were controlled. A case study that can be used to best illustrate the factors is the coal industry. The coal industry employed 1 man in 20 during the war. There was a lack of technology therefore many men were needed. The coal industry had a history of union militancy and striking going back to the general strike in 1926. Worried about strikes and the effect they could have on the British war effort Churchill banned strikes and set-up a national arbitration tribunal, which would attempt to solve disputes. This did little to stop the strikes and in 1043 1,800,000 working days were lost to strikes with 1,875 separate strikes. This number increased in 1944 with 3,700,000 days being lost through 2,194 separate strikes.
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