Accurately established by many historians, the capitalists who shaped post-Civil War industrial America were regarded as corrupt “robber barons”. In a society in which there was a severe imbalance in the dynamics of the economy, these selfish individuals viewed this as an opportunity to advance in their financial status. Thus, they acquired fortunes for themselves while purposely overseeing the struggles of the people around them. Presented in Document A, “as liveried carriage appear; so do barefooted children”, proved to be a true description of life during the 19th century. In hopes of rebuilding America, the capitalists’ hunger for wealth only widened the gap between the rich and poor.
This documentary “Masters of Money” mainly emphasizes on Karl Marx’s theory which was on capitalism. He stated that capitalism would lead to a global economic crisis. He believed that the society was divided into two classes: the owner class and the worker class. The owner class , in order to ensure that higher levels of profit is made , exploits the worker class since an industrial reserve army of unemployed is present. However, the business gets itself into trouble because the workers who are paid badly are unable to spend on the consumer products which gradually force the business to cease trade and thus causing a crisis.
In a capitalist society the bourgeoisie make huge amounts of money off the proletariat which is something that can’t last forever. Marx argued that as time passes increasing tensions between classes will surface and end capitalism altogether. Essentially, the lower class will revolt and force the government to abolish the capitalist system by putting in place socialism. Socialism doesn’t support alienated labor or employees as commodities for sale. Alienation of labor occurs in a capitalist society according to Ma... ... middle of paper ... ...ofit, but to help the community.
Marx’s ideals of communism were drawn from the realization that the cycle of revolutions caused by the class struggles throughout history lead society nowhere. Society as a whole was more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes that were directly facing each other—bourgeoisie and proletariat. According to Marx, in order for society to further itself a mass proletarian revolution would have to occur. The bourgeois, who were the employers and owners of the means of production, composed the majority of the modern capitalists. It was these individuals that controlled the capitalist society by exploiting the labor provided by the proletariats.
(Reich, p.1) In “The Communist Manifesto” Marx claimed that conditions of existence and prosperity of bourgeoisie ultimately will be directed toward destruction of bourgeoisie as a class. (Marx, p.34-35) These essential conditions create set of destructive consequences for bourgeoisie. Marx highlighted that property relations, expansion of production and trade induced by constant revolutionizing of production which is essential characteristics of bourgeois society leads to unfavorable outcome for bourgeoisie. (Marx, p.33) In contrast, Reich asserts that symbolic analysts are in a great demand in a world and it is quite possible that this tendency will continue or rich will continue getting richer. (Reich, p.28) This paper will mostly based on Marx’s ideas about specific conditions which contribute to the situation when ... ... middle of paper ... ...ruments lead to the development of proletariat in the end.
Berlin declares that the division of labor increases productivity and thus creates wealth beyond immediate needs. Therefore, the manifestation of excess accumulation is withheld from the laborers ... ... middle of paper ... ...are alienated from the product that is given to the species. In other words, “Capitalism, under which the labour power of human beings is bought and sold, and the workers are treated merely as sources of labour, is plainly a system which distorts the truth about what men are and can be, and seeks to subordinate history to a class interest…” (Berlin, 133). In conclusion, the Manuscripts of 1844 connect Marx’s earlier philosophical work to his future as a political economist. He describes how capitalism, a necessary stepping-stone, is a system that creates large disparities between two classes: the proletariat and the bourgeoisie.
Tom was... ... middle of paper ... ... just part of his class status to exercise his power and the promise to sell his car to Wilson was just a bribe to keep Wilson at bay while he was playing with his wife for his pleasure. In the end we see Gatsby and Myrtle dead, Wilson turned into murderer and Tom with Daisy continuing their live of unhappy wealthy people. Using Marxist critique of the capitalism, we see Fitzgerald showing how economic base of capitalism is juxtaposed to its core of free market and in fact it actually produces class separation and injustice. People with money and power will strive to become richer and more materialistic, thus increasing the distance between themselves and the poor class. Even when someone reaches the upper class by earning money and visually polishing himself to appear like an aristocrat, the wealthy will still reject him for not being born into the upper class.
At the time Marx was developing his theory, he was politically influenced, the industrial revolution and the rise of capitalism were growing in nations. Both created a class divide in wealth, factory workers being lower class and poor, and the owners being upper class and very wealthy. Marx predicted that capitalism would cause inequality with his theory of antipositivism, Marx prediction was that the inequalities of capitalism would be so severe that factory workers would eventually riot. (Open Stax 1.2) The failure of capitalism lead to the creation of Communism, Communism focused on no established private or corporate ownerships rather than distribution of wealth to everyone. Marx opinion that Communism was better suited for the government over Capitalism may have been influenced by his study of social patterns of psychological causes.
He also states that this class conflict sometimes leads to "...the common ruin of the contending classes" (Marx 9). Marx sees the modern age as being distinguished from earlier periods by the simplification and intensification of the class conflict. He states that "Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps... bourgeoisie and proletariat" (Marx 9). The bourgeoisie, as the dominant class of capitalists, subjugates the proletariat by using it as an object for the expansion of capital. As capitalism progresses, this subjugation reduces a larger portion of the population to the proletariat and society becomes more polarized.
The Communist Manifesto Marx describes the problem in great detail in the first chapter. He feels there is a problem between the bourgeoisie and the proletarians. The bourgeoisie were the oppressed class before the French Revolution and he argues that they are now the oppressors. The proletarians are the new working class, which works in the large factory and industries. He says that through mass industry they have sacrificed everything from the old way of religion, employment, to a man’s self worth and replaced it with monetary value.