The Work and Life of Alfred Wegener

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The Work and Life of Alfred Wegener Alfred Wegener was born on November 1st 1880, he studied the natural sciences at the University of Berlinreceiving a PhD in astronomy, graduating in 1904. As well as this qualification Wegener was knowledgeable in the areas of in geophysics and the newly developing fields of meteorology and climatology. He already played an active role in pioneering the scientific world in such things as the use of balloons to track air circulation, joining a trek to Greenland to study polar air circulation in 1906. Also on the list of achievement in Germany the text book that Wegener became standard. In 1914 he was enlisted into the German army, but was released from combat duty after receiving injury, and served out the war in the Army weather forecasting service. After the war, Wegener returned to Marburg, but became irritated with his lack of promotion within his field. In 1924 he accepted a specially created professorship in meteorology and geophysics at the University of Graz, in Austria. Wegener made what was to be his last expedition to Greenland in 1930. While returning from a rescue expedition that brought food to a party of his colleagues camped in the middle of the Greenland icecap, he died, two days after his fiftieth birthday. The theory of plate tectonics is that the world was made up of a single continent through most of geologic time. That continent eventually separated and drifted apart, forming into the seven continents we have today. Scientists believe that Earth's surface is broken into a number of shifting slabs or tectonic plates, which average about 50 miles in thickness. These plates move relative to one another above a hotter, deeper, liquid part of the earth called the mantle, at average rates as great as a few centre meters per year. Most of the world's active volcanoes are located along or near the boundaries between shifting plates and are called plate-boundary volcanoes continental drift continental drift Wegener first noticed a close similarity between fossils found on

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