The Work and Life Balance

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Introduction Since the end of hunting and fruit gathering as the only source of survival and emergence of animal rearing and agriculture work started to emerge as separate from life. It emerged as a activity in which people engaged themselves so that they can earn enough food and meat to eat and share with family, friends and the tribes men. It was a point of separation of livelihood from job. A man was working till the end of the day to spend his after work hours at leisure. It was a great source of development by providing luxury of time, security of food and physical safety which allowed men to indulge in higher order desires and a host of self actualization needs came out. This separation of work from life further increased in the era of industrialization where gradually human physical effort was transferred to various machine through the use of power generation and harnessing of power through various means like steam engine to start with and most sophisticated computer controlled automated machines running on fossil fuel, renewable fuels and nuclear power. This development worked in multiple ways. It provides people with means to earn and contribute to social well being through different ways and spend, splurge and consume more and more which require him to earn evermore. The rise of standard of life quietly raised the number of hours to maintane and funds that life style. Since the time of world war two women joined the industrial work force with great zeal and élan but that also meant that they had to work harder to manage their traditional role as home maker and newer roles as career women. They reacted to this situation in two ways. Some choose to join the work force in what was considered to be softer jobs like shop ass... ... middle of paper ... ...amily Satisfaction, Job Satisfaction, and Work-Life Balance/ Communication Reports/ July Dec 2013, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p 101- 112 An Exploration of the psychological factor affecting remote e-worker’s job effectiveness, well-being and work-life balance/ Grant, Christine A., Wallace, Louise M., Spurgeon, Peter C./ Employee Relations/ 2013/ Vol. 35 Issue 5, p 527-546 Gender, Caring, Part Time Employment and Work/ Life Balance/ Hayman, Jeremy; Rasmussen, Erling. Employment Relations Record. 2013, Vol.13 Issue 1, p45-5 Discourses of Work-Life Balance: Negotiating ‘Genderblind’ Term in Organizations/ Smithson, Janet, Stokoe, Elizabeth H./ Gender, Work & Organization Vol. 12, Issue 2, p-147- 168, March 2005 The New Economy and the Work-Life Balance: Conceptual Explorations and a Case Study of New Media/ Diane Perrons/ Gender Work & Organization/ Vol. 10, Issue 1., p 65 - 93

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