Salem is an isolated village in Massachusetts where power is one of the main driving forces that contribute to the dynamics of the community and how people interact with each other. Authority and power is dominant in two main areas- The Church and the Males.
Reverend Parris’ fear of losing his job provokes him to cry witch. Reverend Parris’ daughter feigns to be in a coma. When the doctor bade Susanna tell Reverend Parris that he “might look to unnatural things for the cause of it” (9), he denies that possibility because he fears that rumors of witchcraft under his roof would help his “many enemies” (10) to drive him from his pulpit. Later, by supporting the Salem witch trials, Reverend Parris secures his position in the church. When John Proctor brings a deposition to court signed by Mary Warren that calls Abigail and her girls’ frauds, Reverend Parris urgently tells Judge Danforth that “they’ve come to overthrow the court” (88). When Mary Warren cannot faint in court, Reverend Parris accuses her of being “a trick to blind the court” (107). After Abigail pretends that Mary Warren is attacking her, Reverend Parris spurs on the accusations by telling her to “cast the Devil out” (118). Reverend Parris fears that if Abigail becomes exposed he will be punished for supporting an illegitimate court procedure. When execution day arrives, Reverend Parris fears that the “rebellion in Andover” (127) over hangings will occur similarly in Salem. Reverend Parris pleads to Hathorne that “. . . it were another sort that we hanged till now . . . these people have great weight yet in the town” (127). Reverend Parris’ last attempt at preserv...
The infamous Salem witch trials began in the Salem village of Massachusetts in 1692, when a group of young women claimed to be possessed by the devil thus setting a spark of other local women accusing each other of practicing witch craft. Even though none of these were said to be true, however those that were accused were usually either trialed or hanged in front of the fearful townsmen. As a result of these accusations on fellow townsmen over 150 people died from the Salem Witch Trials. The practice of witchcraft was commonly believed in the English colonies, the people of Salem Village was very edgy and fearful of death. They were afraid of death by starvation, death by exposure, and death by savages, due to these paranoia it led to the paranoia
The Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, which resulted in 19 executions, and 150 accusations of
This source helped me understand how it all started and gave a lot of information on the victims. I also liked this one a lot because of the information it gave on how the trials ended.
Ironically, religion which is generally associated with peace, has dominated the world in terms of wars. Each religion is constantly battling all of the others for control of certain lands, to gain more available followers and/or dominate what the youth of the world is exposed to. In addition, various religious groups want to do become involved because they believe they are doing it in the name of their god. In the case of the crusades, the majority of available people were joining the existing armies because their religious figureheads, whom wisdom and judgment they thoroughly trusted, told them to do so even if these leaders had only their own interests at heart. Regardless, the people of the Holy Catholic church rallied together in an attempt to secure the Holy Land of Jerusalem from the Muslims. The Crusades were a time of both expansion and destruction for all of Europe.
The Crusades of the High Middle Ages (a.d. 1050-1300) was a period of conquest or rather, reconquest, of Christian lands taken from Muslims in the early Middle Ages. It is an era romanticized by fervent Christians as the time when Christianity secured its honorable status as the true religion of the world. The affect of the Crusades is still with us today. It sailed from Spain and Portugal to the Americas in the fifthteenth century aboard sailing ships carrying conquistadors who sought new territory and rich resources. They used the shield and sword of Christianity to justify a swift conquest of mass territory and the subjugation of the indigenous peoples; a mentality learned, indeed, inherited from the Crusades. Even today Christianity is the dominant religion in this region. It is an amazing accomplishment that reminds us that our actions today have affects and, moreover, consequences that shall last for generations living centuries in the future.
Yet another motivation of the characters in Salem is witchcraft. Witchcraft became a major theme in the text, as it became a weapon which could leave innocent people hanging on a noose. Witchcraft had revealed to the reader that reverend Parris was ashamed of his child and niece, as they were supposedly ‘possessed’ by witchcraft; this could also link with the reputation theme. He uses witchcraft to state things he normally wouldn’t, like assuring that Abigail’s laughs during
During the time of the Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692, more than twenty people died an innocent death. All of those innocent people were accused of one thing, witchcraft. During 1692, in the small town of Salem, Massachusetts many terrible events happened. A group of Puritans lived in Salem during this time. They had come from England, where they were prosecuted because of their religious beliefs. They chose to come live in America and choose their own way to live. They were very strict people, who did not like to act different from others. They were also very simple people who devoted most of their lives to God. Men hunted for food and were ministers. Women worked at home doing chores like sewing, cooking, cleaning, and making clothes. The Puritans were also very superstitious. They believed that the devil would cause people to do bad things on earth by using the people who worshiped him. Witches sent out their specters and harmed others. Puritans believed by putting heavy chains on a witch, that it would hold down their specter. Puritans also believed that by hanging a witch, all the people the witch cast a spell on would be healed. Hysteria took over the town and caused them to believe that their neighbors were practicing witchcraft. If there was a wind storm and a fence was knocked down, people believed that their neighbors used witchcraft to do it. Everyone from ordinary people to the governor’s wife was accused of witchcraft. Even a pregnant woman and the most perfect puritan woman were accused. No one in the small town was safe. As one can see, the chaotic Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692 were caused by superstition, the strict puritan lifestyle, religious beliefs, and hysteria.
First, the Puritan values and expectations were strict, and those who had defied their teachings would have been at a much higher chance of being accused as a witch. Second, economic struggles within Salem Town and Village had further divided the two, by crop failure and livestock death. Ultimately causing economic damages. Third, personal opinions and disputes had contributed to the trials and accusations. The law system was unfair during the trials, so when or if someone was accused the court would side with the accuser, unless of course, they were a witch themselves. In conclusion, the people who died and who were accused of witchcraft were not really witches, Salem and it’s inhabitants were under the influence of mass hysteria, personal beliefs and grudges that eventually became the chaos of the Salem witch hunts of
At that time, Salem was a small town or village; it was a farming community that was only 550 of population. Their goal was that they want to be a model society on the hills. Not all of them were puritans because there were people that want a better life and want to live in a society out of England; their life in England were difficult. There were two groups in the village: those who were separatists and others that were puritans (those who believe in predetermination and follow the rules). Samuel Parris was a reverend that was the minister of the group of the separatist. He helped divide these two groups. The reverend Parris and his wife had 2 children living with them, who were Betty and Abigail. These two girls were the motive that the trials started. These girls screamed, rolled their eyes back into their heads, shook, twist...
The non-formalized contract stated Parris only owns the land because he is a minister; he doesn’t actually own it. He was later refused to be given firewood, and he then focused on writing about how the village had a conspiracy against him and the Church. He blamed those things and the people who would not fit to his needs on the work on the Devil. He thought he was much more superior than anyone else. During the trials, he submitted many legal complaints about the girls sufferings, serving as a witness to many trials. He used names and accused people of unevidenced actions, pushing them into being accused as a witch. He was eventually fired from discontempt from the village, forced to leave Salem. He moved to another town, becoming a
In the 1600’s English immigrants arrived in the United States, many left England to pursue religious freedom. A colony in Salem, Massachusetts was formed in 1626, 66 years later in 1692, a major epidemic hit the town. Mass hysteria hit Salem as young girls began to accuse people of being witches. The accusations lead to a series of hearings and prosecutions of the people of the community. The town of Salem was split into two separating the Eastern and Western sides due to the jealousy the Western had towards the Eastern.
Reverend Parris is the character that initiates the hysteria of the Salem witch trials, in a community where authorities wasted no time minding the business of it's citizens, what should have been seen as teen frivolity was blown into one of the ugliest moments in American History. Parris sparks this by firstly acting on his own paranoia, which the reader would find in the introduction 'he believed he was being persecuted where ever he went';, and calling Reverend Hale in an attempt for self-preservation '….if you trafficked with spirits in the forest I must know it now, for surely my enemies will, and they will ruin me with it.'; This statement says a lot about the character of Reverend Parris: a greedy, power hungry man who is more concerned with his own reputation than the souls of his niece and daughter. He always acts on fear, a fear that he will lose his position of power in the community. Parris does not want the trials to end as a fraud because the scandal of having a lying daughter and niece would end his career in Salem.