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The Widespread Adoption of Zero and Conservation Tillage Technology in Canada

analytical Essay
2943 words
2943 words
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INTRODUCTION

In Canada, rural population has declined significantly in the last 160 years from about 88% share in 1851 to about 18% share in 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2012). In 2011, the rural population was about 6.3 million which is about 18.8 % of the entire population (33,476,688) at that time. The shift from agriculture to industrialization has been identified as one of the factors contributing to decline in rural population in Canada (Statistics Canada, 2013).

The advent of Industrialization has supported the evolutionary change in agricultural practices. Generally, agricultural practices in Canada have evolved from labour intensive to capital intensive. With the use of agricultural equipment, one person can perform activities previously performed by several people. The use of agricultural machinery has improved the farmer’s efficiency and has created time for other activities. In order to achieve economies of scale with the use of mechanized farm equipment, large farm size is required. This has led to the consolidation of smaller farms into larger ones and hence the release of labour from agriculture to other sectors of the economy. Farm size in Canada has increased by 6.9% between 2006 and 2011, while the total number of farms has decreased by 10.3% between 2006 and 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2012). In order to secure a better living standard, most of the labour released from farming activities motivated by mechanization, out-migrate from rural to urban areas as most farming activities occur in the rural area. Apart from the agricultural sector, rural Canada has also experience job shedding in some other primary sectors as well as in some higher-order service jobs, this is because most higher-order service businesses re...

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...retical framework upon which this study lies. This chapter presents five theories and their applications to this study. Analysis and application of location theory to industrial location as well as analysis of factors influencing location decisions are presented. X-inefficiency theory was applied to the concept of social entrepreneurship. The three remaining reviewed and analyzed theories are social capital, family capital and human capital. Chapter 4 presents an analysis of factors influencing the longevity of rural family business in Saskatchewan using a case study approach. Major emphases are on location factors and organizational strategies. Chapter 5 concludes the thesis with a summary of the research outcomes and conclusions drawn from the case, suggestions for future research and limitations of the study are also included in this final chapter.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that rural population in canada has declined significantly in the last 160 years, from 88% share in 1851 to about 18% in 2011. the shift from agriculture to industrialization is one of the factors contributing to the decline.
  • Explains that industrialization has supported the evolutionary change in agricultural practices in canada. the use of agricultural equipment has improved the farmer's efficiency and created time for other activities.
  • Explains the broad objective of this study is to analyze the socio-economic factors influencing the longevity of a rural manufacturing business.
  • Aims to identify the role of local infrastructure, transportation routes, and appropriate quantity and quality of labour in rural manufacturing success.
  • Analyzes the influence of land and labor price as well as proximity to larger centers in the success of rural manufacturing.
  • Describes the five chapters of the thesis, which include a review of literature relating to determinant of industrial location, entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurs, and family business.
  • Argues that entrepreneurship tailored towards rural manufacturing may serve as a possible ingredient in the revitalization of rural saskatchewan.
  • Explains the drift away from horse power and towards farm mechanization began in 1917 when ford motor company introduced the fordson tractor.
  • Analyzes the socio-economic factors influencing the longevity of rural business. bourgault industries limited is one of the leading manufacturers of specialized implements for zero and reduced tillage in saskatchewan.
  • Explains that different industries locate their plants in a way to reduce cost. location of industry in cheap but quality labour can provide some cost savings as opposed to locating in high labour cost regions.
  • Explains that the number of manufacturing firms in canadian rural and small town areas has declined by 6% between 2003 and 2007.
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