The Western Philosophy: The History Of The Western Philosophy

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History of the western philosophy
INTRODUCTION:

In this course we will analyze various important theories in philosophy, comparing and contrasting them as we use those theories to answer to several philosophical questions. After a short introduction to what philosophy is, what an argument is, and the significance of philosophy, we will go over the perspectives of many different well-known philosophers, including, but not limited to, the following Philosophers: Plato, Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas, Rene Descartes, Immanuel Kant, George Berkeley, John Stuart Mill, John Locke, Friedrich Nietzsche, David Hume, and others

COURSE DESCRIPTION: philosophers and topics that build the kernel of the Western philosophy from the ancient Greek philosophers to the 20th and 21st centuries philosophers. We will focus on how Western religious traditions, as well as the science and art, have interacted with Western philosophy.
We will discuss human nature and the universe’s nature. Also, we will examine the topics concerning Knowledge and perception, determinism, freedom, and religion. Philosophers and philosophies to be studied in this course include :Aristotle ; Plato ; Socrates ; J. Locke & Empiricism ; Nietzsche; Augustine ; Kant ; Descartes, Spinoza & Rationalism ; W. James & Pragmatism; Heidegger, Sartre & Existentialism; Phenomenology and The rise of Analytic Philosophy ; Philosophy today. We will strive to understand Western culture thoroughly by discussing the core of philosophy in that culture.
OBJECTIVES:
In this course students will increase understanding and appreciation of what the fundamental issues are in philosophy, how some philosophers have given the answers to these questions and students will take steps to come up with th...

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...God, The self, and certainty)
Week 7:
Spinoza’s thought. Descartes’ Meditations: Mind and body. the rationalism of Leibniz. Nietzsche
Week 8:
Descartes on the existence of God and the Problems in his philosophy. Pascal. Spinoza. David Hume
Week 9:
Midterm Exam.
Week 10:
Kant’s philosophy as an alternative to empiricism and rationalism
Week 11:
Kant’s Ethics and J.S. Mill’s Ethics : How shall we decide what is the right thing or the wrong thing? Happiness or the Good? Results or rules?
Week 12: the arts and its Creativity as seen in Western and Non-Western culture philosophy
Guest lecture / presentation.
Week 13:
Kant’s “Copernican revolution.” And Reactions to Kant.
Seeing is believing. John Locke and empiricism.
Week 14:
Philosophy in the 20th Century (Pragmatism / Phenomenology & Existentialism /Analytic Philosophy)
Week 15: review for the exam. / Final Exam
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