The Welfare Of The Social Welfare System

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1. Explain the welfare state. For many years, private charities, along with local governments, have cared for the poor through a multitude of economic security programs. These programs comprised the welfare state that sought to enact policies (after the Great Depression) in order to promote economic security for all Americans. 2. What is the history of the social welfare system? The welfare system has been prominent throughout history, however in the past, it was based off of a charity system, whereby individuals would volunteer their generosity. The social welfare system also distinguishes between the two classes of poor: deserving (orphans and widows) and undeserving (unwilling to work). Before the Great Depression, private charity was allotted in cash as an “outdoor relief”. However outdoor relief was controversial, because many Americans feared that it spawned poverty; so indoor relief institutions were created (ex. the police station). The criteria of the social welfare system was proved to be racially discriminatory, however over time, local and state governments agreed upon granting assistance to all Americans without discrimination. 3. Briefly stat the foundations of the welfare state. The passage of the Social Security Act of 1935 enacted the two categories of the welfare state: noncontributory and contributory. 4. What are contributory programs? Welfare programs financed by taxation are known as “forced savings”. Individuals are forced to contribute part of their earnings towards benefits and income for retirees, with the idea that they will be provided for in the same way when they retire. Social Security can be categorized as a contributory program, wherein people contribute a portion of their wages so that the... ... middle of paper ... ... in order to support their family. 22. How are minorities, women, and children affected by the economy? Because of several labor disadvantages, minorities, women, and children are disproportionately poor. Minority workers typically have low-wage jobs and become unemployed for greater lengths of time. Single mothers also have difficulty regarding economic stability. For a long period of time, women were not supposed to work, however over time more women began to gain jobs. Also, since women earn less and receive limited (if any) health benefits, they do not have enough initiative to work. The poverty issue also has a major effect on children. Children of “working poor” parents are not adequately provided for, given their parents’ employment situation. However, lobbying groups such as the Children’s Defense Fund have been enacted to represent the children’s interests.

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