When answering how the Nazi party came to rule in Germany, one must look at foreign policy in respect to the Versailles Treaty during the Second Reich. Economically, due to the settlement at Versailles, Germany would be hit by massive inflation as well as a crippling depression under the Weimar Republic. This made many people distrust the newly created Weimar Republic. Socially, Germans generally blamed the government, as well as the Treaty of Versailles for the hard times that they suffered after the First World War. This social environment gave rise to the Nazi movement and many other parties that opposes the treaty and the Weimar Republic alike.
There are many who claim that the Treaty of Versailles helped cause and foster the emergence of Nazism. The treaty is “cited for causing the successive financial crises that destabilized the Weimar Republic. Its…“War Guilt clause,” is seen as an insult to national pride permanently discrediting the Republic that accepted it”. During the 1920s and 1930s, the War Guilt Clause, almost impossibly high reparation payments, and German demilitarization fostered resentment in Germany that became a platform right wing parties such as the Nazis were able to use to gain power. Germans felt like they had suffered as much as everyone else during WWI and could not accept that they were being blamed for the war.
The Rise of the Nazi Party Hitler’s rise to power was the result of many factors, but Hitler’s ability to take advantage of Germany’s poor leadership and economical and political conditions was the most significant factor. His ability to manipulate the media and the German public whilst taking advantage of Germany’s poor leadership resulted in both the collapse of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler and the nazi party. During the early 1920s, Germany was struggling with economic instability and political uncertainty. Germany, after being defeated in the Great War, was forced to sign the unforgiving treaty of Versailles, which the Weimar Republic was held responsible for. This brought forward feelings of fear, anger and insecurity towards the Weimar Republic.
The Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic was created in Germany in 1918 as a result of widespread socialist unrest. A liberal constitution was drawn up in 1919. There was extensive instability in Germany around this time. The Weimar government had trouble pleasing right and left wing parties because, at this time, Germany was very polarised politically. Hitler dissolved the republic in 1933.
Germany's Rise From Bankruptcy to a Superpower Between 1929-1939 1929 was a hard time for Germany. Hyper inflation had taken control, the Reich mark was worth nothing, and they were literally bankrupt. The reason for their bankruptcy was due to the economic collapse of America. After world war one Germany had been made to pay large reparations to France for the damage they had caused. Germany had problems paying these large reparations and called in America for help.
It seems as though Hitler and the Nazi Party were the main crisis behind the demise of the Weimar state but there were many conditions and events, which contributed to allow Hitler’s party to emerge into German politics and gain control. Post war Germany 1918, was under severe economic and cultural damage after a humiliating defeat against the allies. This further worsened as the people of Germany had been led to believe that they were winning the war due to the use of government propaganda. The German army collapsed in the autumn of 1918 when the allies launched their final attack on German lines. However the blame was shifted to the weak politicians rather than the military exhaustion, also known as the ‘stab in the back theory’ or the ‘Dolchstosslegende’.
They weren't allowed to build up their army or weapons. Because they owed so much money, it wasn't long before the currency became worthless due to hyperinflation and France invaded the Ruhr. The unfairness of the treaty caused bitterness in Germany, and Hitler always blamed the collapse of the country on, among others, the "November Criminals", the men who signed the armistice that ended the war. The treaty created the conditions for Hitler's rise to power, as he promised he would put this unfair treaty right and make Germany great again. However, at the end of the war, Adolf Hitler was one of the millions of unemployed and worked for the government as a "V-man", spying on opposing parties.
Germany entered a never-ending debt cycle- repaying the allies by taking out loans, then repaying the loans by taking out even more loans. Germany’s devastated economy as a new democratic nation that was used to monarchy led to poor democratic governments that always failed. These issues eventually caused the Nazi party to become dominant- and Hitler became leader. The Bolshevik revolution in the 1917 started hatred towards the Communists in America (Eventually leading to the Cold War). The Red Scare that followed the war was a good example of the psychotic mind of the average American.
The treaty of Versailles was one of the largest factors in causing the Second World War because it sparked so much German hatred. Adolf Hitler had strong beliefs that theTreaty of Versailles was unjust and had to be abolished. The Wall Street Crash in 1929 was the start of a huge economic depression. The American stock market collapsed taking the rest of the world with it. Before this, the Weimar government in Germany had solved it's financial problems by borrowing huge ammounts of money from the USA, but after the Wall street Crash the USA not only stopped lending Germany money, it demanded that all the loans were payed back!
Hitler saw this as a chance to gain support for his new Nazi party as people were starting to look for a new government. The Weimar republic was very weak and so they were split into coalitions. The Weimar republic needed to print more money, which in turn caused hyperinflation in the German economy. A long-term cause to Hitler’s rise to power was the fact that Germany hated the treaty of Versailles and so they sided with Hitler because he promised to abolish it. Finally Hitler blamed the Jews, socialists and the Catholics for the mutiny in he last year of the war to take advantage of the German people to get them on his side and gain supporters for his Nazi party.