The prospect of firm action to take Germany out of the economic and psycological depression made Nazism attractive to millions of worried Germans, regardless of class. However, in some areas propaganda did not exist yet the Nazis still had major electoral success. So propaganda was more successful in reinforcing existing sympathies rather than creating them. In conclusion, I believe that both the context of world economic crisis, and the strengths of the Nazi party resulted in their success. Without a powerful leader, good organisation and heavy propaganda the Nazis might have not been able to exploit the situation of the depression to rise to power.
In a time of such chaos, the Nazis presented themselves as defenders of Germany. The Nazis took advantage of everything that was occurring, and wanted to and eventually succeeded in making themselves patriots. Hitler wanted a revolution, but the Beer Hall Putsch of November 8-9, 1923 had failed. Hitler, however, took this failure and turned it into success. Hitler had gained fame from his trial from February to April of 1924, his speech during the trial made him seem brave and patriotic, “He ranted against the treaty (Versailles) as ‘a law which advocated immorality in 414 articles.’ To violate its provisions was an act of patriotism.
The truth was that Hitler did not know much about economics and his ultimate goals were to create full employment without the need of inflation. To make Germany self-sufficient and to create a defence economy. However by pursuing these policies he also created issues that threw Germany to war earlier than expected. One reason why the Nazi’s had been so successful with their economic policies was mainly due to Dr Hjalmar Schacht. Hjalmar Schacht was first appointed as president of Reichsbank then as Minister for the Economy in August 1934.
Although Hitler displayed his 'unique confidence' and great power to the public, devising an era of 'Hitlercentric' followers, it could be argued that Hitle... ... middle of paper ... ...g effect from the depression of the 1920s, and post war factors such as reparations. In addition to this the middle class, upper class and aristocracy feared communism and were keen to support Hitler as he was assuring that if he took control then communism would not be an issue. As a result from 1930 coalition could be formed, creating the impression of incompetent politicians disagreeing over insignificant differences whilst Germany was in a state of ultimate chaos. The need was strong for a leader who would be able to provide solutions and discipline the chaos in Germany. The inadequate expanse of the Weimar republic was blatant, each Weimar party was associated with a particular class or interest group, whilst the Nazis on the other hand were a national party forming alliances with classes throughout Germany.
During this crisis in Germany, caused indirectly by the Treaty, when Hitler tried to seize power he was unsupported. Therefore the Treaty of Versailles, on its own, was not a reason why Hitler rose to power. After 1929, the Great Depression acted as a catalyst, igniting the German people's anger for the Treaty of Versailles and it then became a factor in Hitler's rise to power. Another reason why Hitler was able to rise to power was due to the failure of the Munich Putsch of November 1923. At his trial, Hitler gained enormous publicity, which made him well known.
Thus, the story goes, that the Treaty of Versailles made Hitler’s rise to power, and his starting of WWII, inevitable. However, this mode of explanation is a deeply flawed oversimplification. The Treaty of Versailles did not make WWII inevitable because the independent forces of the Great Depression and Japanese expansion also played key roles, and because nationalism was most likely to arise in Germany even if there were less harsh terms to the treaty. The Great Depression was among the most important factors in creating the climate that allowed for Hitler’s rise to power, and his eventual beginning of World War II. The Great Depression, in addition to losing World War I, created a German populace that was humiliated.
The day of 30th January was simply pure luck for Hitler and is not important in understanding why he came into power, as if it would not have been then it would have been soon after. Hindenburg's underestimation of Hitler was basically the spark that allowed Hitler to come to power, much like the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand was the spark that engineered the 1st World War. If it would not have been these actions it would have been another. Overall Hitler's intelligence and the weaknesses of the opposition allowed him to become Chancellor in 1933.
However it would be wrong to state hat they enjoyed positive election results, and in fact they won very few seats in the many elections that were held over that period. The Putsch had many obvious failures, such as the imprisonment of Hitler who the party greatly relied on, and the gun battle following, in which 16 Nazis were killed. Also division ripped through he party while Hitler was in prison. But the benefits, hidden from view at the time, were multiple. Hitler's oration at his trail was a more obvious plus for the Nazis.
In just under twenty years the Nazi party was able to gain sole leadership by popular vote in Germany. This tells us that there had to be benefits in “Voting Nazi”. The fact the Nazi’s were a successful political party comes as a shock to most people, especially when we only teach/learn the terrible actions they committed. William Brustein stressed the horrible social and economic lives of Germans at the time and why a party like the Nazi’s had to step up. “Only an account of, interest-based action“ reveals the clearly wide appeal of the Nazi Party as the logical choice for millions of Germans,” the Nazi Party drew into its ranks a large percentage of, blue-collar workers, livestock farmers, and independent artisans.” Politically, the Nazi Party offered a third path be- tween Marxist centralized state planning and laissez-faire capitalism ” William Brustein’s book lays out the popularity of the Nazi party in a way that makes it clear that the German did support them.
It was the single most important factor of Hitler's coming to power, however it wasn't the only factor. Hitler had remarkable speaking abilities, which helped him woo the public. His use of force with the SA and the inability of the Left wing political groups to combine, also contributed in his rise. Hitler also used the weakness of the constitution the signing of the Versailles treaty to bring down the Weimar Republic. With all these advantages on his side, and with the depression hitting Germany hard in 1929, it was just a matter of time before Hitler would "claim his throne".