The Weakness of the Nazi Party in the 1920s

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The Weakness of the Nazi Party in the 1920s During the years 1924 to 1928 Germany enjoyed a period of relative economic prosperity and political and social stability. Stresemann and Schachts work at rebuilding the economy with the Rentenmark had had good effect, and the Dawes Plan allowed the annual repayments to be reduced. Prices were stable and relatively low which meant that German society was stable, because of this there seemed to be no room for extremist political views and people tended to vote more toward centre parties such as the SPD. At this time the Nazi Party had been officially dissolved, and without Hitler (who was in prison for his part in the Munich Putsch) as head begun to break up into warring factions. Several former Nazis had made alliances with other right-wing Parties who contested the 1924 election, ten of whom got into the Reichstag, making Hitler fume at their betrayal. When Hitler was released from prison Germany was much more stable than it had been when he had been sentenced which meant that there was considerably less scope for extremist views to cause upheaval, even when presented by a gifted speaker like Hitler. The Party had disintegrated under Rosenberg's leadership and the Party was no longer a credible force in Germany. In 1926 Hitler called the Bamberg Conference, this was something of a gamble, as he wanted to restore the Party's unity and agree a future programme, yet he did not want to encourage those who wanted a more socialist regime. He stage-managed the proceedings. Bamberg was chosen to hold the meeting because it was the centre of nationalistic Germany, and the majority of local people ... ... middle of paper ... ...d the Party rifts. The 1928 election showed increased support for the Party, with the Nazis gaining 12 seats. Although the 12 seats of the May 1928 election was nothing compared to the Social Democrats majority of 153 seats it definitely showed that the Party's new tactics and propaganda was working, that the foundations for future success had been laid. If the Wall Street crash had not occurred in October 1929 it is difficult to make judgement over whether the Nazis would still have gained power in a stable environment. However, it was fortuitous for Hitler that the crash did occur because society was ready for any answer to its problems. The extremist views, the answers to questions and blame the Nazis laid on the Weimar Republic was just the solution wanted by the Germans, and allowed Hitler to gain power.
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