China has serious water shortages due to overuse and pollution of the environment and many people who live in places that do not have a lot of water. It is estimated that every year in China's shortage of water supply 40 billion cubic meters. In other words, every year, China uses 40 billion cubic meters of water five to seven times the number used in Southern California more than its resources can sustain. Australia is one of the driest continents. The effects of water shortages being felt here.
Water shortage is a growing problem for most countries in the world. For China, which has 20% of world’s population and only 7% of available water resources, this problem may become catastrophic (Hofstedt 2010, 72). Therefore some actions and measures should be performed to avoid or at least to weaken future water crisis in China. In this work the following three solutions will be proposed and analyzed in terms of efficiency and applicability: water usage efficiency improvement; adopting the local agencies on controlling water resources; reasonable water pricing. Most of water consumed in China is not rationally used.
We can not afford this; water shortages already ravage the majority of the world: “If per-capita water consumption continues to rise at current rates, humans will take more than 90 percent of all available fresh water by 2025, leaving only 10 percent of the earth’s fresh water for all animals and plants on the planet” (Cooper, Water Shortage). Even the water that is available to humans is often not clean enough to safely drink: “Outbreaks of cholera and other waterborne diseases kill 10 million people each year” (Cooper, Water Quality). Cooper acknowledged that“1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to safe drinking water... ... middle of paper ... ...rectly or indirectly discharged into the River Ganga” (KUMAR 12). In the analysis of the water countless amounts of harmful bacteria were found among them; Salmonella Typhi which causes Typhoid fever in men, B subtilis which can contaminate wounds and, Clostridium perfringens the main bacteria behind gangrene and food poisoning (KUMAR 8).These harmful bacteria have claimed numerous lives and yet the river is still being used for drinking and bathing. .
The water crisis is mainly affecting women and children in places like South Africa that don’t have good drinking water. The reason the water crisis affects the women and children a lot more is because they are the ones that have to go and get the water, and if they get sick or something happens where they can’t get water they won’t have water that day. One in ten people don 't have access to safe drinking water, that 's 663 million people in the world. Two times the population of the United States of America live without being able to get clean drinking water. Since January of 2015 the global water crisis has been the number one risk to society.
That is why citizens of urban areas suffer the most from the appreciable water shortage. The situation with water supply in urban areas is critical. As an example, Mexico City, with population about 20 million people, faces quite serious scarcity of water. It obtains water from 3 main basins, all of them are overexploited (UNESCO 2006). The solution of the government to this problem was to pump water from the aquifers.
Based on Human Development Report in 2006, nearly 1.6 billion people, face an economic water shortage, a situation when a country misses the infrastructure needed to extract water from rivers and ponds. (Human development report 2006, 2006) Water scarcity leads to a large range of problems: lack of access to drinking water, hunger, lack of education, disease and sanitation issues. The scale of the problem is shown on a map
So, the food gets transported from other countries the food prices increases every day. Many people in the country are poverty that means that they can’t buy enough food to feed themselves because it is too expensive. The second hungriest country in the world is Haiti. Some problem it faces that leads to hunger is 80 percent of people live in poverty. Most of their natural resources were destroyed by hurricanes, floods, and tropical storms.
This is a completely different story in developing countries where the people there have to walk miles on end to get a pale of water. The people in these unfortunate countries use very little water every day because to them water is sacred. The truth is not having enough clean freshwater is one of those issues that has now become a real problem not just in developing countries but super powers, such as the United States of America. Description/ History: Water scarcity is both a natural and a human-made phenomenon. There is enough freshwater on the planet for seven billion people but it is distributed unevenly and too much of it is wasted, polluted and unsustainably managed.
In Zimbabwe, where the populations mostly has access to water via contaminated open wells, the government is implementing a program to ensure safe drinking water to rural schools through the installation of rooftop rainwater harvesting system. 9. CONCLUSION Analysing the research and studies for the construction of this report, it can be concluded that recycling rainwater is a sustainable way of water usage and its use have increasingly been assimilated by companies, buildings and people who are interested in smart ways to reuse, recycle and save water.
One billion people suffer from lack of a clean water supply. Two and a half billion do not have adequate sanitation services in their homes or around them. Rivers and streams that may have once provided a water source have now been contaminated and are no longer useful for drinking or cooking with. Most of the time people are forced to drink brackish or arsenic contaminated water. Millions of people in Bangladesh and India drink water with arsenic in it everyday.