The War of Black Hawk

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The Black Hawk War was a major conflict between the United States of America and the Native Americans. It, like many Native American versus America wars, is fairly unknown. It took place in the year of 1832. There are many things one should know about the Black Hawk War, such as what started it, the major military events, and what happened once the war was finished. Before the war began, William Henry Harrison, who would later find himself to be the President of the United States, negotiated a treaty in 1804 with two Sauk representatives that he thought opened all Sauk lands to the east of the Mississippi River for only $2,500. The Sauk Indians in Wisconsin and Illinois did not approve of the treaty, saying that the two Indians who signed were drunk and did not have the authority to speak for the whole tribe (Wyman and Hagan). Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak, otherwise known as Black Hawk, also said the treaty was invalid; however, he later confirmed the treaty with his own signature in 1816, but then said he did not understand that it would mean he would later have to give up his home village of Saukenuk on the Rock River. Settlers moved into this village and Black Hawk returned with his band to plant corn. The settlers were frightened at this, and they frantically requested militia support. When they arrived, Black Hawk's band was already gone and the U.S. agreed to supply them with corn if they stayed out of the area (“Black Hawk War begins”). Later Black Hawk led his band of 1,200 Sauk, 400 braves and their families, back across the Mississippi River to the area in April of 1832, hoping to get the support of the Ho-Chunk and the British if fighting erupted (“Black Hawk War”). General Henry Atkinson then gathered a large force of v... ... middle of paper ... ...r and think it was just another pointless battle in which some group of Indians charged at some United States troops before being shot and some journalist wrote about it, calling it a war. They do not realize that there is a bigger story behind it. The same is true with many wars in which the Native Americans fought the United States; history forgets what happened; therefore, people do not learn of the battles that occurred right where their house is built. Works Cited "Black Hawk War." infoplease. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. “Black Hawk War begins.” The History Channel. N.p., 2014. Web. 24 Apr. 2014 Peterson, John. "Black Hawk War." Utah History to Go. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. Smith, Robert. "Black Hawk." History Net. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. Wyman, Mark and Hagan, William. "Black Hawk War (1832)." Wisconsin History. N.p., 1998. Web. 24 Apr. 2014.

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