The War of Art by Steven Pressfield

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In my book, “The War of Art” author Steven Pressfield examines and talks at length with overcoming procrastination. A chronic problem for me. Throughout the book, he refers to Resistance as being the sole reason we do not get things done before the deadline. While Resistance is also the reason many of us slip helplessly into its tempting lures to pull us away from reaching our potential being happy. Mr. Pressfield also uses many personal example to help illustrate what he is saying. By using these examples he overcomes his Resistance and encourages us to persevere and fight the Resistance.

What is procrastination? To me it’s the phenomenon of foregoing your daily responsibilities and “doing it tomorrow.” The problem with procrastination is that more often than not “tomorrow” never comes. So how do psychologist define procrastination? According to J.N. Choi and A.H.C. Chu they define procrastination into two types: active and passive. Active procrastination is “make intentional decisions to procrastinate, thus applying strong motivation under time pressure, they are able to complete tasks before deadlines and achieve satisfactory outcomes.” (Choi & Chu) While passive procrastinators are “traditional procrastinators who postpone their tasks until the last minute with feelings of guilt and depression and are more likely to fail to complete tasks.” (Choi & Chu) In their research, they found that differences among the two procrastinators can be cognitive, affective and behavioral dimensions. They go on to list other things that differ such as; stress, depression, test anxiety, misuse of time, self-efficacy, time management, organization, and among other things.

What causes procrastination? In most cases in can be a derivative fro...

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...ty that I did not know existed. Might be a field I take interest in and hopefully shed some light on how to beat the Resistance.

Work Cited Page

1) EUN HEE, S. (2013). A COMPARISON OF ACTIVE AND PASSIVE PROCRASTINATION IN RELATION TO ACADEMIC MOTIVATION. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 41(5), 777-786.

2.) Chu, A. H. C., & Choi, J. N. (2005). Rethinking procrastination: Positive effects of “active” procrastination behavior on attitudes and performance. The Journal of Social Psychology, 145, 245-264.

3.) Edward L. Deci, Richard M. Ryan; 2005

4.) Balkıs, M., & Duru, E. (2012). The direct and indirect role of self-esteem and procrastination in the relation to fear of failure and self-worth. (English). International Journal of Human Sciences, 9(2), 1075-1093.
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