The idea of wanting its independence from Britain was forced upon them after the French and Indian War when Americans felt that they were receiving unfair treatment from Great Britain. The French and Indian War altered British and American relations by changing the colonist's beliefs in having the need for British control, and these events brought American colonies together for the first time politically. Economically, the British made relations harsh by enforcing things such as the Stamp Act which made many of the colonist's unhappy. The ideological viewpoint of the American colonist's drastically changed with the opposing viewpoints of the British. American colonists questioned many of Britain's laws and beliefs after the French and Indian War.
These groups not only demanded less severe taxes, but Colonial representation in Parliament. When England denied them representation, the Colonists decided to fight their colonizer for political freedom. Making the American Revolution the first anti-colonial, democratic revolution in history. With the battle cry of “ No taxation without representation”, Americans went to war and it is from this violent uproar that the United States of America was born. The “thirteen” colonies which would later become the Unites States of America were originally colonies of Great Britain.
During this time, Britain was at war with Napoleon and wanted to hurt France economically. To do so, Britain tried to restrict French trade with other nations, including America. “Not content with these occasional expedients for laying waste our neutral trade, the cabinet of Britain resorted at length to... ... middle of paper ... ...ended the hatred between American and British soldiers. Although America did not win The War of 1812, due to the Battle of Lake Erie, they did not lose it. The war was caused by the impressment of American soldiers, blockades on American trade, and Indian slaughters on the American frontier.
In June of 1812 the United States declared war on Britain. This declaration was the result of almost thirty years of stormy relations between the two nations. It both took the British by surprise and worried many Americans who saw it as a foolish endeavor. The United States, maintained a cautious neutrality through successive administrations since 1789. The potential risks in changing this policy and settling the existing grievances against Britain by force were many.
Both of them wanting the claim of that land, caused the conflict of war. Due to that, it caused the British to be in deep debt to Prussia and Austria in exchange for their help in the war. Once the British won the war, their idea of getting rid of the debt was to increase the tax of the colonists, which further enraged them. The colonies promise of more land was unfulfilled. Another outcome from the Seven Year War that affected the American Revolution was the Proclamation of 1763.
The relationship between the colonists and the British was already weak but after this war the ties became even weaker than imaginable. From the war Britain gained control over the entire Eastern Coast which caused the political relationship to be altered. The British completely pushed the French settlers out of North America, resulting in Britain’s control of the entire east coast, which caused a vast change in North America. Document A is an efficient example to display the change in control through maps of North America before 1754 and after 1763, the time frame of the war. Britain now faced a new task at hand- governing the mother country and now the lands it had conquered.
During the war of 1812 the situation was particularly serious for the United States because the country was insolvent by the fall of 1814, and in New England opponents of the war were discussing separation from the Union. The Hartford Convention that met in Connecticut in December 1814 and January 1815 stopped short of such an extreme step but the Constitutional amendments proposed there reflected the delegates' hostility toward the South and West. The War of 1812 was very unpopular in commercial New England (Eisert, 1998). C) An evaluation of sources Using the Secession Crisis web-page was useful to help show how the Hartford convention played its role.
I hope to show how the Seven Years’ War was the triggering effect that started both Britain and America on the path to war. The first question we must ask ourselves is: Why did Britain change its policy? The answers are quite simple and mostly about money. The Seven Years War was costly and greatly enlarged Britain’s debt. Also there were resentments towards the colonists and English leaders were not satisfied with the financial and military backing that they received from them.
The War of 1812 The United States of America began to see the effects of Anglo-French War by the early 1800's. This European quarrel began affecting the United States shipping industry. Britain and France were violating neutral shipping rights of American merchants. They thought of America as weak due to inadequate time the nation had to develop. These violations were the first and primary provoking factors that led to war with Britain.
However these embargoes hurt the US far more than they did Britain, angering American citizens and helping the cause of War Hawks (people who favored going to war) in Congress like Henry Clay. In 1812, after defeating DeWitt Clinton in the presidential election, James Madison asked Congress to declare war against Britain which they did. There were numerous battles fought in Canada, and the Northern United States, as well as naval battles, but neither side could gain a definitive advantage. By mid 1814, the War of 1812 was becoming more costly and had lasted longer than either side had anticipated. Britain, which had other issues to deal with, chief among them the Napoleonic Wars, began to look for a way to get out of the war.