Through the play. Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Albee has been successful in conveying the falseness of "The American Dream". He has taken western society as it is today as whole and has shown his audience the reality of "The American Dream" in it's true form. He has stated that 'The American Dream" is only an illusion. The play is his, "demonic urge to expose what he takes to be the falseness of the American Dream" (Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller highlights the result of an unfulfilling life through Willy Loman’s pursuit of an unrealistic American Dream and the effects it creates on himself as well as his family. This story has many strong examples which prove the psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud and his concept of the human
Death of a Salesman is based on the foundations, values and moral principles of the American society by applying the American Dream. Miller portray around the play Willy Loman as a tragic hero. He is a common person and has a small family. Miller throughout the play characterizes Willy and his family to show the tragic mishaps and imperfect devotion for that dream. The main features of this tragedy tale that was observed by Aristotle were the emotions that were pitiful and full of fear.
The play shows the faith in the American Dream. Miller proves that America is selling false dreams and hopes. Contrast, compare, or contextualize this in relation to other works by Arthur Miller. Arthur Miller's work covers a collection of themes. The American working class played a huge part in his writing.
Through Fitzgerald use of symbolism, expectations, and relationships, he explores the American dream, and how it is an illusion that corrupts and destroys lives. Through Fitzgerald’s symbolic description of Gatsby, he explores the extent of the American Dream’s deceptive nature that slowly destroys a person and his/her morals. During the Roaring 20s it was very common for people to project illusions to mask who they truly were; to fit in, it was almost essential to have one to survive in the highly materialistic and deceitful society. Nick is introduced as the objective narrator... ... middle of paper ... ...an Dream that becomes corrupted and leads to the ultimate failure and destruction of himself. Some say that Americans strive for the impossible goal of perfection; they live, die and do unimaginable deeds to achieve it, and when they do, they may call the product their own American Dream.
‘Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf’ and ‘Death of a Salesman’ both relate to the theme of truth and illusion, by exploring the misbeliefs of the American dream and the blurred lines between reality and illusion, and past and present. The two plays feature the shattering of the illusions the characters hold on to, and the reality they then have to face. In Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf, the ridding of illusions is symbolised by peeling the label off a bottle: ‘We all peel labels sweetie.’ Albee is suggesting the layers of illusions that need to be stripped back to get to the truth. The irony is that, a bottle of alcohol is the starting point for the metaphor, as a way of avoiding reality. In Death of a Salesman Biff faces up to the uncomfortable reality of Willy’s misled dreams, as he realises they’ve been ‘talking in a dream for 15 years’.
In their delineation the authors simultaneously attack and present the potential dangers of "the unquestioned generalized acceptance of and participation" in this myth. This concern finds resonance in Edward Albee's comment when he describes his work as "an examination of the American Scene, an attack on the substitution of artificial for real values in our society, a condemnation of complacency, cruelty, and emasculation and vacuity, a stand against the fiction that everything in this slipping land of ours is peachy-keen." Secondly Albee deploys techniques of Theater of Absurd. Albee often begins with a seemingly realistic circumstance that is abruptly interrupted by an absurd or surreal element or event. As for example in Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf?
Use of Satire to Attack Optimism in Voltaire's Candide In its time, satire was a powerful tool for political assault on Europe's corrupt and deteriorating society. Voltaire's Candide uses satire to vibrantly and sarcastically portray optimism, a philosophical view from the Enlightenment used to bury the horrors of 18th century life: superstition, sexually transmitted diseases, aristocracy, the church, tyrannical rulers, civil and religious wars, and the cruel punishment of the innocent. Through the steady adversity faced by Candide, Voltaire brings up important questions about how the nature of optimism appears to commoners. Pangloss's philosophy of "the best of all possible worlds" - an example of the misleading optimistic theory advocated by the philosophers of the Enlightenment which Voltaire deems absurd, - is "listened to attentively and believed innocently" (2) by the young and naive Candide at the beginning of the novel. However, as the novel progresses Candide begins to balks at this optimist idea, in the end suggesting to his comrades to "cultivate our garden" (87).
Is it right to blame society when the stronghold of trust in the American Dream diminishes or dies? The critical point in Death of a Salesman was the mission for this dream. Miller depicts this in his character Willy Loman and his deceived mission of this dream. Arthur Miller's outline of the American Dream in Death of a Salesman was created in post bellum America. Around then, the thinking was more than essentially a declaration; it was a lifestyle.
When the realities of life become too harsh, humankind has a natural tendency to choose the most convenient solution to his problem: illusion. They build dreams and fantasies to conceal the more difficult truths of their lives. In his play Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller portrays the hold of such illusions on individuals and its horrible consequences. Through the overly average, overly typical Loman family, Miller shows how dreams of a better life become, as Choudhuri put it, “fantasies to the point that the difference between illusion and reality, the Loman’s dreams and the forces of society, becomes blurred” (Choudhuri 70). The Loman family created dreams and illusions that were far better than their reality.