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The Victimization of The Jewish Culture

Throughout history, hate crime has been evident through past, significant events. Events such as the genocide in Rwanda, ethnic conflicts in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the targeting of Native Americans in early colonial periods, and the lynchings of African Americans are mass-based hate crimes. Today, hate crime has become more prevalent with approximately 1,002 documented hate groups in the United States (Southern Poverty Law Center, 2011). More cases involving the violence of intolerance and bigotry appear, such as the murder of James Byrd because of his race and the killing of Matthew Wayne Sheppard because of his sexual orientation.

In simple definition, hate crime is the intentional violence to hurt or intimidate someone because of their disability, ethnicity, national origin, race, religious, or sexual orientation. The excessive level of brutality is frequently committed by a stranger, usually in a group rather than isolated, that targeted the victim because of his or her difference. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center (2011), these known hate groups include “neo-Nazis, Klansmen, white nationalists, neo-Confederates, racist skinheads, black separatists, border vigilantes, and others.”

In fact, the U.S. Department of Justice-Uniform Crime Report accounts that Jewish people are affected more by hate crimes than any other religion. According to the William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum, “Antisemitism is the prejudice towards, or discrimination against Jews… can manifest itself in a number of forms, including discrimination against individuals, the dissemination of hate literature about Jewish people, arson directed against Jewish cultural or religious institutions, or organized violence against Jewish communities (pog...

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...dation. Retrieved November 10, 2011,

from http://www.adl.org/hidden/default.asp

Grosser, P.E. & Halperin, E.G. (1978). Anti-Semitism: Causes and Effects. New York: Philosophical Library, 1978.

Southern Poverty Law Center. (2011). Hate and extremism. Retrieved November 7, 2011, from

http://www.splcenter.org/what-we-do/hate-and-extremism

William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum. (2011). Antisemitism - a brief history. Retrieved

November 11, 2011, from

http://www.thebreman.org/exhibitions/online/1000kids/antisemitism.html

Zebel, S., Doosje, B., & Spears, R. (2004). It depends on your point of view: Implications of perspective-taking and national identification for dutch collective guilt. In N. R. Branscombe & B. Doosje (Eds.), Collective guilt: international perspectives (p. 149). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

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