This accreditation requires the counsellor to be professional and effective in what they do and ensures that they can be monitored. 2.1 Counselling 2.1.1 Counselling definition Counselling can be defined as the process whereby the client and the counsellor interact within the confines of a safe and comfortable environment to identify, discuss and and work through the client’s problems. According to Cormier and Hackney (2014), the client is usually someone who is seeking help, as they are experiencing some type of difficulty if their life; while the counsellor is a professional who is willing to provide help as he or she can be seen as ethical, moral and capable of helping the client. The setting where the interaction between the counsellor and client takes place should be a warm environment as it should encourage the client to feel safe and open up to the counsellor. (Cormier & Hackney; 2) 2.1.2 The counselling setting The physical space in which the counselling process takes place is crucial to the development of the relationship.
Carl R. Rogers theorized that through providing a certain kind of relationship with the client, one in which empathy, unconditional positive regard and congruence were present, the client would “discover within himself the capacity to the relationship for growth, and change and personal development” . As a counselor empathy is essential as it allows me to enter my clients internal frame of reference, while still retaining a problem-solving stance. Entering the client’s internal frame of reference means I must consider the emotions and thoughts of the client, it is similarly vital not to get lost in the internal frame of reference as this creates the distinction between sympathy and empathy. Unconditional positive regard, also called acceptance is essential as it plays a role in creating a helping relationship in which the client feels safe to express any negative emotions or thoughts, while being... ... middle of paper ... ...ing silence, paraphrasing and reflection of feelings, as well as non-verbal skills such as body-language and active listening are all used in order to allow the client to introspect and work with their problems in a safe environment, the role of the counselor within the relationship being to support the client and help them to reach their true potential by expressing emotions and thoughts that they can’t express outside of the helping relationship, whether it be for fear of rejection or some other reason. Works Cited • Hough, M. 2010.
The counselor needs to promote that safe environment by promoting values and helping them flourish through respectful and meaningful exchanges through externalization of the problems. In using this model with clients this would be workable as it doesn’t change the actual client or the family it challenges and changes their beliefs and values. The counselor discovers what their roles in the family are finding out how the behaviors and ideals which are the negative aspects of the story. Clients are then taught how to remodel these negatives into more positive behaviors and thoughts which brings new viewpoints to the client and the
Empathy – This is about as to how you build up the relationship with your client that he knows his feelings can be shared with and confident of your input for his recovery. Attending & Listening - when the client feels the there is some one here to listen to; he would like to share his feelings and thoughts which creates a strong relationship. Open- You have to be an open minded and prepare to share everything in relation to the matter you are dealing with. Professionalism – a professional approach to the matter points out the client of your subject knowledge, education and experience and that leads the client to admire of your ideas Genuine - Being genuine to the matter and the client would always develop the strong relationship.
Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy is a combination of both of these theories and is based on an individual’s own history of thought an... ... middle of paper ... ...he therapy is over. The relationship between the counsellor and client is fundamental to the success of the counselling experience and the results that will follow. The counsellor and client need to build rapport and trust. The client needs to feel comfortable enough to open up and discuss their inner most thoughts and fears in the knowledge that the discussion is confidential and non-judgemental. The resulting relationship should be one of mutual respect.
The person-to-person counselling relationship is a special type of relationship, established by a client seeking help and has a particular purpose. This relationship is a partnership based on mutual respect and collaboration and involves trust and expectation that the counsellor will provide with a safe and secure environment which will benefit the process of counselling or treatment (Gerald & Gerald 2012, p. 373). It is a very important for counsellor to understand that counselling relationship is not an equal and the counsellor has a position of power while the person seeking for help is usually in the position of influence (Gerald & Gerald 2012, p. 373). Ethical communication is essential in any professional field (O’Toole 2008, p. 138). There are different Codes of Ethics exist to establish ethical principles and guidelines for practitioners.
It involve seeing the client world through the client’s eyes and senses, which is crucial for understanding the client’s reality and obtaining a precise feeling about his struggle. Mastering this quality require hard work and skills, because it is against the natural design of the evolutionary developed focus of each human being on his own self-interests and feelings. Meantime, the search for empathy Balance is important. The counsellor should empathise with the clients, and at the same time with themselves, by shifting back and forth between the two perspectives (Skovholt & Skovholt, 2012, p124). From person-centred approach’ s view empathy is effective because it involves focussing of the client’s feelings, and this result in the client becoming aware of his ambiguous feelings, which allow him to deal with them and facilitate his agency over them (Mearns & Thorne, 2013, p64).
Having conflicting values does not mean that a counselor can’t work with a client it just means they will must proceed with caution. It is ok for the client to have a different value system and still work with them successfully. Before a counselor decides to refer a client to another professional they should first exhaust all options even if it means consulting with supervisor. According to Corey working within the framework of a client’s value system is what counseling is about, and will it be beneficial for the counselor. A Counselor may have their own belief system and can find that they are in conflict because of their own bias and values.
To have good results Carl Roger believed that the therapist should be comprehensive, authentic, and warm. As a future therapist, I consider that I would like to use this therapy because it would show the client my empathetic side, which will bring better results. It shows the client that they are not alone in the situation and will be more willing to open up. Also, I consider that a councilor can better help the client to come up with the best solution possible to the situation if they are non-judgmental and understand the client’s perspective. I consider the best technique for this therapy is Motivational interviewing because it is a non-judgmental and non-confrontational therapy that attempts to make the client more aware of the potential caused problems experienced consequences and risks they may face as a result of the conduct in question.
In order to be an effective counselor, one must remember to keep the client(s) in mind. The goal is to assist the client(s) in living the best life possible for that particular person or persons. With that being said, one cannot forget that they have their own set of morals, values, ideas, and the like. Social workers have to keep in mind that there will be cases that are complex and a favorable outcome may not be possible. In the instance that I am confronted with an issue that conflicts with my religious beliefs, I plan on assisting the client as much as possible by adhering the National Association of Social Work Code of Ethics, NASW standards for the Practice of Clinical Social Work, and discussing my concerns with my supervisor while