No matter how hard they tried to find better jobs, they just couldn’t push through. Another benefit that the poor have to offer the world is that poverty creates jobs for a number of occupations that protect the rest of society from them. Without the poor, the police force would be minuscule. Also, the poor buy goods others do not want. This helps the economy immensely because these products would eventually just be thrown out if the poor didn’t purchase them.
To relate this to Durkheim’s theory, in a sense, it’s a norm that we have poverty in America because then we have people who can and will work the jobs that no one wants to, such as garbage collectors, janitors, and more. We need people to work these jobs so that society continues to function. However, one of the weakness of Durkheim’s functional theory is how do we define which job, talent, or function is more important and why. This is related to poverty because we have jobs that are low-paying jobs, but because we know with such bad social conditions, people are willing to contribute to the functional society by taking the less skilled jobs, also the least appreciated jobs as well. Relating this back to Marx’s theory on wages being lowered and proletariats accepting it because they need to mean their need of subsistence.
Having opportune circumstances can land people jobs, but having the opposite can also perpetuate the depression and reality of poverty for others. When people have reasons not to seize their days, they might sink deeper and deeper into the belief that they cannot truly escape poverty. People need to have the proper assistance to breakaway from poverty and lead successful lives. Poverty in America is largely due to the government’s overcompensation of benefits, which provides less emphasis on education and leads to individuals lacking the drive and skills to succeed on their own. Initially, what matters tremendously in determining one’s chances in life is education.
Those in poverty are struggling to make enough money to pay the bills because they are not paid enough, but raising the minimum will make this process become less stressful for people. Not being financially often leads people to have to only be able to think short-term because they do not have enough time to think about the long-term happenings in their lives. In Linda Tirado’s article “This is Why Poor People’s Decisions Make perfect Sense” she can relate to how it feels to have a short-term mindset because she mentions, “I ... ... middle of paper ... ...merica. Poverty will continue to be a problem in America if no one wants to stand up and address all of the issues that the poor in this country has to face. The poor need hope so that they continue to go further instead of just of having a short-term mind and not looking forward to the future.
Besides, the poor can even help the rich by their demand for jobs. However, even though poverty may be looked upon to being positive from a functional analysis perspective, the situations of the poor can be viewed to being unfair from the conflict theory perspective. Because the poor tend to have fewer advantages in society, they struggle to access resources that the rich have. Poor people are usually limited to moving up because of their environment or education. Because the rich will always have that power, it’s almost impossible for the poor to move up.
Poverty provides jobs in social science, social workers, journalist and poverty warriors” (Herbert Gans, 1972). Herbert Gans theory, poverty makes jobs to deal with the consequences of poverty. Stratification has people trying for the best jobs with high financial rewards in all levels of income. Poor people get look down upon as a “burden of society” working low-wage jobs at hard manual labor." Who are willing to do dirty, dangerous, difficult work that others refuse to do” (Gans 1972).
There must be some people who are poor and innovative at the same time, but all poor people are not entrepreneurs. Most of them would prefer to have a job than to start a risky business where they can lose everything. MFI is indeed a good program, but it is not enough to take people out of poverty.
I’m not here to argue whether there is poverty in America or not, but to tell you that there happens to be people out there who struggle. Sure American Citizens are better off than others in foreign countries, but some Americans fight the same battle as the others. The struggle to achieve the “American Dream” is very hard and not many get the opportunity to live it. Many low-income families who seek the same goal of getting out of poverty never manage to get out. It sounds bad, but not many may go to college due to money being tight and thus they work a minimum paying job and live in the cheapest housing affordable.
This paper will look at ways in which these causes can be combated and at the same time evaluated in regards to it’s positive and negative aspects. Education has long been a problem in society, because the lack of this essential tool of survival doesn’t allow for growth of any sort. It is a known fact that the risk of poverty usually decreases as people get more schooling. Poor education can be either a cause of poverty or an effect. Young people who drop out of school may be poor because they lack the required skills needed to get good jobs, therefore adding to a system that forces them to only be able to live in low-income, economically starving areas.
Working these types of jobs, are not very beneficial to those living in poverty because of the downfalls they may cause on their households. Due to the amounts of hours that may be required, the impoverished often faces risks of losing their subsidies. I agree with Gans stance because in the article The Positive Functions of Poverty, he makes several valid points while shedding light on the economic, social, cultural, and political functions (Gans, 1972). In my opinion, Gans sums it up best by making mention of poverty being functional for those who do not struggle with the thoughts of where their next meal will coming from