Currently, the immigration and refugee protection act of 2002 is the one that guides immigration in Canada. According to the act, immigration to Canada has three primary objectives which are to unite families, for economic growth and development and to protect refugees. According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada, The number of people moving into Canada has averaged at 257,957 every year since 2006 (CIC, 2015, p. 3). The information represents 0.7% of the population. In other words, every year the 0.7% of the population growth in Canada comes from Immigrants.
“To its credit, Canada decided to admit displaced person even before the international community …” (Knowles, 68). However, the most important arrival of these was most likely the skilled trades’ workers who allowed Canada to emerge as an urban industrial power. However, to do so infrastructure needed t... ... middle of paper ... ...migration patterns exhibited growth through the reduction of racial and ethnic barriers. As a result of these changes, Canada looks and feels much different today in comparison to prior the Second World War. This was mainly thanks to the Immigration Act which allowed for opportunities for many different groups of immigrants rather than just Europeans.
In major metropolis areas across the country, different ethnicities are intermingling, different cultures are emerging, and new ideas about multiculturalism are coming to life. The level of integration within Canada is dependent on increasing the amount of different cultures, while avoiding a cultural segregation and overall separation. A common phenomenon related to introducing new cultures into a society is the idea of common spaces, what this entails is the trend that newly arriving immigrants tend to segregate together and create a subculture within Canadian culture. What this implies is a separation within society, and a hinderance on inclusion. This type of trend is usually influenced by the housing issues that ari... ... middle of paper ... ...e of acceptance and tolerance in order to facilitate its evolution.
Canada’s current liberal and vigorous immigration policy has allowed for the acceptance of an average of 240,000 immigrants a year from 1995-2008 and is projected to welcome approximately 300,000 this year, with an emphasis on family reunification and refugees, a change from the historical source of economic migration as the main source of immigrants (Kelley & Trebilcock, 2010, p 19; Zilio, 2016). Canada’s sources of natural increase (births to deaths) of the population as well as international migration are changing rapidly and it is a studied trend, which outlines immigration, will soon be heavily relied upon as the most feasible source of continued population growth (Jedwab, 2016). Natural population growth has been dramatically decreasing since the 1960s largely due to declining fertility rates as well as the aging and death of older populations (Figure 1) (Statistics Canada, 2016). Statistics Canada illustrates a prediction of the Canadian population that pushes for an increase in immigration due to the enhanced aging of the population and an increased number of deaths (2016). Immigration is a prominent driving factor behind a maintainable population as without increased immigration Canada’s
Permanent residents are a significant group of the population in Canada, to the point that according to Citizenship Immigration Canada website (CIC), “in the last five years, Canada has admitted an average of over 250,000 new permanent residents each year. This is roughly 0.8 per cent of Canada’s population” (cic.gc.ca). It appears that the government will continue implementing its immigration policy and therefore promoting the arrival of more immigrants to the different provinces of the country, which obviously would be reflected in a substantial increase of these groups. In this sense, in November 1, 2013, Citizenship Immigration Canada announced that “in 2014, Canada will welcome between 240,000 and 265,000 new permanent residents who will contribute to the Canadian economy” (cic.gc.ca). This suggests that they will have more and more presence in Canadian society and economy and therefore what they think should be taken into account by the authorities.
Introduction Canada is a big country possessing many natural and rich resources. Since World War II, Canada’s manufacturing, mining and service sectors experienced a significant increase which transformed the country from a mainly rural economy to a mainly urban and industrial economy (Central Intelligence Agency, 2015). Immigration plays a big role in Canada’s history, starting as early as settlers from France and England. By 1960, around one-third of Canada’s population had neither a British or French origin (Government of Canada, 2011). Immigration is important to Canada as it does not only help to maintain its population growth, but it also helps the challenges it faces to a shrinking work force due to its aging population.
National economies are extremely complex. The level of economic development is the major indicator of the place that the country stands on the international economic scene or economic staircase. Many factors are responsible for economic growth and sustainability as well as for crisis and disruption. Nowadays, all the countries of the globe are interconnected and closely intermingled with each other in the net of international economic relations due to globalization. Therefore, Canadian citizens should prevent the gap between rich and the poor to make Canada a greater society.
Growing population and urbanization are giving rise to new social & economic challenges, globally. As per various projections, the world population will increase to about a whooping figure of 9 billion by 2050. At the same time, the urban population will also see a drastic growth reaching 6.3 billion or nearly 70% of the population of the world in 2050 (Pelletier, 2015) Many cities have stretched beyond their carrying capacity. The resources and infrastructure are being over utilised. To add to the woes, influx of rural migrants to the urban centres in search of livelihood makes the situation worse.
The Immigration Act of 1978 had a ground-breaking effect on the society and economy of Canada. This act impacted the size and the composition of the population. The yearly population increased from 22,809,000 in 1974 to 29,303,000 in 1995.This reinforced the pre-existing trend for the rural population to relocate to the cities, where the industrial bloom brought abundant employment opportunities. Witnessed by past censuses, the new immigrants to Canada began with wages equivalent to about 80% of the wage of native citizens. However, within a 10 to 20 year period, the average wages of the newly arrived immigrant reached or went beyond the average wa... ... middle of paper ... ...slation, such as the Boat People.
Canada is a land of immigrants, being a multicultural country it welcomes people from around the world. As a result there is an increasing trend of the elderly population’s movement from globe to Canada. According to the Statistics Canada, (2015), 28% of seniors of 65 years and above were immigrant in the year 2001. Asia was Canada 's largest source of immigrants between 2006 and 2011, roughly 661,600 or 56.9% came from Asia. Furthermore, the seniors’ population is expected to continue to grow and Statistics Canada projects the percentage of seniors to be 23% of all Canadians by 2041.