Finally, he angered the people at the top, and he would pay for it. Since he could not be prosecuted solely based on his method, charges of corrupting the youth and of blasphemy were fabricated against him. The humiliation he inflicted was never intentional, but it angered everyone nonetheless. Plato, Socrates’ greatest student, witnessed the trial and narrated it the Apology; the aftermath is noted in the Crito. Socrates seemingly takes on a different stance in each of these stories in regards to obligation to the state.
He was a great philosophizer and he knew how important he was to the city. The city did not share Socrates own view of himself as the most important teacher. They believed his philosophies were evil and they were willing to put him to death for his ideas. In Socrates’ first defense, he uses the story of the Delphic oracle. According to Socrates, the oracle once declared that no one was wiser than Socrates.
For his devotion to science, rational thought, secularism, and defiance of religion as life's sole purpose, Socrates' fellow citizens condemned him to death. He was charged with "impiety against the gods and corruption of youth" (Human Record 119). Following his indictment, Socrates was given a final chance to repent- he could terminate his teachings and abandon his pursuit of secular knowledge. However, Socrates was so devoted to his beliefs that he refused his final chance and chose to die to prove his strength in his convictions. As an Athenian citizen, influenced by the works of Hippocrates, Thuydides, and others, I completely disagree with... ... middle of paper ... ...al to society.
The Clouds by Aristophanes, the Apology, and the Republic by Plato collectively demonstrate the hazardous relationship between the philosopher and the city. Each work reveals how Socrates’ method of dialectic inquiry and search for wisdom hindered Athens’ city structure and order. The tension between the city and the philosopher ultimately leads to Socrates’ death. Yet, the jury’s decision does not denounce Socrates as a pious individual. The decision merely represents Socrates’ unwillingness to conform to the Greek traditions and beliefs.
Another charge that is brought upon Socrates is that of he is making up new Gods and disregarding the old Gods the Athenians believe in. These were the charges brought on Socrates. Socrates starts his defense by addressing the jury and telling them that his accusers had a prepared speech, while Socrates' speech will be completely improvised. Socrates continued to further disassociate himself from the opponents by telling the jury to forgive him for his conversational tone in his speech, for that's how he best speaks. He also asks the jury to keep an open mind and not concentrate on how his defense is delivered, but the substance of his defense.
Socrates did the right thing by not escaping from jail because if he had escaped he would be contradicting everything he ever believed and said, and that would be the worst possible thing for Socrates. Socrates was one of the few men who refused to escape jail while he knew that he was going to be punished by means of death. This was a very noble thing of him to do and it was the correct decision. During his last days, Crito tried to convince Socrates to escape. Then the two men had a discussion about what was right and wrong.
The new accusers, as Socrates called them, were Meletus, Lycon, and Anytas. He was found guilty, but many today and then argue for his innocence, including Socrates himself. He thought himself innocent, but still accepted his death with courage out of his patriotism for Athens. Socrates could have avoided his d... ... middle of paper ... ... accepted his penalty out of patriotism. Socrates is the meaning of Patriot when it comes to Athens.
He decided to go find out for himself if he was the wisest by going around and testing the wisdom of the most revered men in society. He approached a politician and it was revealed he was not very wise and Socrates pointed this out to him to his dismay. The man became angered and went around to see if the oracle was telling the truth, which of course it was. This started the prejudice against Socrates throughout the whole society. I believe this is why he was found guilty.
His execution was not justified because the charges that were brought against him were false and unfounded. The fist crime that Socrates was charged with was that of impiety. This charge was invented primarily to discredit him and make him unpopular with the citizens. The charge was that of not acknowledging the same gods that the state believed in. Throughout the book, Socrates refers numerous times to the fact that it is because of the gods that things are as they seem to be.
41). The fact that Socrates mentions the gods and believes he was performing good acts in the gods' name shows the false accusations in the charges of impiety. His guilty charge was made on false evidence, but because Socrates refused to stand up for himself and deny his beliefs of his philosophical lifestyle he was found guilty. The second issue Socrates was found guilt was because he behaved arrogantly defended his innonoces, and philosophical views the entire trial. He truly believed he was meant to live a philosophical li... ... middle of paper ... ...t of Socrates charges were due to Meletus accusing Socrates of his various crimes.