“Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwanda genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead” (Rosenberg 1). When Rwanda’s President, Habyrimana, was killed in a plane crash, turmoil and massacres began. A series of events escalated violence until two ethic groups were engaged in bloody battle: The Hutus and the Tutsis. Throughout the Rwandan Genocide, the Tutsis were targeted because the death of President Habyrimana and problems in social and economic life was blamed in them, thus resulting in the 100-day genocide.
Jones, Bruce D. "War and Genocide: History of the Rwandan Conflict." Peacemaking in Rwanda: the dynamics of failure. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001. 15-19. Print.
The Tutsi people had joined the Rwanda population during the 1300’s. Before the colonial era, Tutsis typically occupied the higher status in the social system and the Hutus the lower. However, mobility on the social hierarchy was possible, Hutus who obtained wealth or a large number of cattle, approximately ten or greater, could be incorporated into the Tutsi group and an impoverished Tutsi would be classified as Hutu.
“Prior to the arrival of the German and Belgian colonizers, the social aries between the Hutus and Tutsis were fluid (White 472).” During pre-colonial society, the ownership of cattle was the most significant factor of ethnic association between the Hutus and Tutsis. “Any man with more than ten head of cattle was to be permanently classified as Tutsi, and any man with fewer than ten cattle as Hutu or Twa (Hintjens 253).” The Hutus had a fondness for farming and the Tutsi were occasionally known for cattle breeding. The aboriginal group of Rwanda were the Twa. They were the hunter-gatherer party that made up 1% of the population and were commonly placed as the minority (Hintjens 252). Regarding the social group classification, the boundaries were not permanent. Hutu and Twa were appointed as ‘lords of the land’ yet the Tutsi controlled the cattle of the land. The system was flexible and either group could...
The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 was not only one of the most remarkable tragedies in Rwanda, but is often recalled as one of the most gruesome massacres in all of history. The Rwandan Genocide was an attack on the Tutsi minority from the Hutu majority, the two major ethnic groups of Rwanda. According to the Survivors Fund (SURF), an estimated eight hundred thousand to one million Tutsis, along with some moderate Hutus, were slaughtered over the course of the one hundred day genocide ("Statistics"). The Huffington Post states, "If we follow the U.N. 's estimate, that means that nearly six men, women and children were murdered every minute of every hour of every day," ("5 Staggering Statistics"). Nevertheless, little assistance was provided for the Tutsis during the Rwandan Genocide. The lack of empathy from other nations during the massacre was remarkable. The entire world watched the genocide play out, yet almost all of the observers turned a blind eye and waited for the United Nations to intervene. Although the Tutsis longed for a savior, the U.N. did not intervene until it was far too late.
Rwanda used to be a peaceful country until the Civil war started. Belgium then took over Rwanda and put the Tutsis in charge of the government because they had more European characteristics like the Belgium population (Anderson 1). This upset the Hutus, so the Hutus then blamed the Tutsis for the president’s assassination. The Rwandan genocide then started on April 6, 1994. It lasted for 100 brutal days. The Hutus then began to slaughter the Tutsis because there was no government control, so it was a perfect time to rebel. There were two Hutu rebellion forces named the Interhamwe which means, “Those Who Attack Together” and the Impuzamugami which means “Those Who Have the Same Goal.” There were many people that killed people close to them. Co-workers killed co-workers, friends killed friends, neighbors killed neighbors, and husband killed wives. They did this to save their own lives. They would have been killed themselves if they didn’t kill who they were told to kill (Rosenberg 1). According to Factsbits, the Hutu leaders manipulated other Hutus into killing their family, friends, and acquaintances. The Rwandan conflict is genocide because thousands of people were killed, the Hutus tried to wipe out the Tutsis, and all of this was based on ...
In conclusion, the Rwandan genocide was much like other genocides that have happened, such as the Holocaust. The people there were being discriminated against and being racist to each other. I think the world should have stepped in before so many people were killed. If the United States and other countries don’t start helping out, many people could die. The Rwandan genocide could happen anywhere. It could happen to us. We need to start taking a stand and helping in situations like this.
April 7th 1994 marks the start of on of the worst things ever to happen to human beings, The Rwandan Genocide. It is known that over 800’000 Rwandans were massacred, 800’000 is 20% of the countries population, over 70% of the tutsis were brutally murdered within the 100 day genocide of Rwanda. Both Hutus and tutsis were killed and murdered at the hands of their neighbours machetes. During this compare and contrast essay I will discuss the long and short term causes of both the Rwandan and Congolese Conflicts. I will also discuss how the natives of these two countries were forced to leave their homes and migrate in seek of aid. The genocide was between April 7th and July 15th 1994, therefore it is known as the 100 day war. The genocide or in context the Rwandan Civil War was fought between the Hutus and the Tutsis. Ongoing conflicts began in 1990 between the hutu-led government and the RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front). The RPF was created in 1987 by the Tutsi refugee diaspora in Uganda. The first Tutsi refugees fled to Uganda to escape ethnic purges in the beginning of 1959.
The Rwandan genocide took place in 1994 and in the span of 100 days about 800,000 Tutsis and “Tutsi sympathizers” were slaughtered by Hutu militia and Hutu civilians. (History of Rwanda, 2010) The conflict in Rwanda started a very long time ago, and there were many aspects of human geography and some physical geography patterns which affected the issue. The genocide did not only affect Rwanda, but it had some affects on many of its surrounding countries as well as the rest of the world. The results of the genocide are still clearly visible now, sixteen years later. The Rwandan genocide was a meticulously planned attempt by the Hutus to wipe the Tutsis off the earth, and was effective because of the exclusive planning and because of the failure of the UN`s Security Counsel to do anything, there are steps which must be taken to ensure that this will never happen again.
De Waal, Alex, and Rakiya Omaar. "The Genocide in Rwanda and the International Response." Current History Apr. 1995: 156-61. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.
On April 7th, 1994 the civil war that started in 1990 in Rwanda reached a climax, when the plane of President Habyarimana was shot down (Corey & Joireman, 2004). Tensions between the minority Tutsis and the majority Hutus had been strained for decades, but Hutu extremists used this event as justification for initiating genocide against the Tutsi population of Rwanda (Corey & Joireman, 2004). Although the onset of the genocide was sudden, careful plans had been put into place over the course of the civil war (Corey & Joireman, 2004). Machetes were ordered, lists of enemies were compiled, and the media within the country began spreading propaganda against the Tutsi population (Corey & Joireman, 2004). At the urging of the current governing party, Hutus carried out a mass slaughter of the Tutsis within the country (Corey & Joireman, 2004). Using machetes as their primary weapon, a citizen militia called the Interhamwe erected roadblocks to weed out and kill Tutsis (Corey & Joireman, 2004). The Interhamwe went door to door, searching out Tutsis and any moderate Hutus who stood in their way or tried to protect Tutsis (Corey & Joireman, 2004). The genocide finally came to an end on July 4th 1994, after one hundred days of brutal violence (Corey & Joireman, 2004).
To fully understand the genocide that occurred in Rwanda during 1994, one must understand Rwanda’s history, and I will help you understand that as I research in this case study.
Rwanda is a nation made up of two culturally and ethnically distinct groups, the Tutsis and the Hutus, who live among each other in all parts of the country. Until the push for independence in 1959, the Tutsis largely controlled local Rwandan politics. After freedom from Belgium in 1962, however, Hutus assumed power, and held on to that power successfully throughout several coup attempts over the next two decades by Tutsis who had fled to neighboring regions as well as those within the country who were continually discriminated against. By 1975, the Hutu essentially ran the country, and the Tutsis’ original 17 percent of the population had been significantly reduced, both by emigration, forced exiling, and periodic “ethnic cleansing.”
The Rwandan genocide slid under the radar causing thousands of Tutsi to be slaughtered. To start, the term genocide will be defined, the origin will be explained, along with the eight generic stages. In Rwanda, the genocide inflicted immense division of the country and the world. The actions took by the Hutu classified these killings as a genocide, according the these following stages. The Rwandan Genocide didn’t come to a conclusion until the relief came to the Tutsi civilization. The Rwandan genocide which was initiated by the Hutu government, was because of the distrust of the Hutu towards the Tutsi, believing they were out setting a uprising to gain power over the Hutu.