The first president that played a part was Abraham Lincoln, he was the sixteenth president of the United States. Lincoln first let African Americans into the Union Army to fight in the Civil War and after the war over, he freed the slaves with the Thirteenth amendment and his Emancipation Proclamation. After Lincoln came Andrew Johnson he did not really play a big part in helping African Americans for the good because of the black codes he established and his negative attitude towards the Freedmen’s Bureau. Ulysses S. Grant succeeded Johnson and helped African Americans by arresting Klansmen, but he did not last long because some people were tired of giving civil rights to African Americans, so Rutherford B. Hayes took office. Hayes imposed Jim Crow laws, which did not take America any closer to equality for African Americans.
However, this plan did not offer the blacks a role in this process; he left the responsibility of determining the black people’s roles to the southern states. Under his plan, new state governments were organized throughout the South during the summer and fall of 1865. These states governments passed a series of laws known as the Black Codes. These codes allowed employees to whip black workers, allowed states to jail unemployed blacks and to hire out their children, and forced blacks to sign labor contracts that required them to work a job for a full year. The Republicans in Congress believed that Johnson’s plan was a failure, not only because of the Black Codes that were passed, but because when Congress reassembled in December of 1865, numerous newly ele... ... middle of paper ... ...icans.
Although they drew support from both blacks and whites, not much changed the “efficiency” of segregation for the next 30 years. By 1944, a Swede visiting the South pronounced segregation so complete that whites did not see blacks except when being served by them (crf-usa.org). It wasn’t until the second World War, when a bigger and more sinister foe, embodied the same ideals as Jim Crow to create a “master race”. It was in Hitler’s presence that the United Nations delegates, shocked, wrote home about the heinous practices of
In 1865, when Johnson declared reconstruction to be over, many Republicans, appalled at this, took action by refusing to seat Southerners that had recently been elected into Congress. Surprisingly enough, when the Civil Rights Bill came along abolishing the Black Codes and giving all people equal rights, Johnson passed it along with another bill. This action once again gave the African Americans more freedom. This was when Johnson’s prejudice against African Americans began to show up more and more. Around this time, two major bills were proposed; one of them was the Civil Rights bill.
Throughout history, we watch our leaders speak about issues that are harming our country. In "Letter From Birmingham Jail" by Martin Luther King Jr. and "A More Perfect Union" by Barack Obama, both speakers acknowledge the problems caused by race. Racism is the belief that characteristics and abilities can be brought on to people simply based on their race, also that some racial groups are “superior” to others. Racism and discrimination have been used as powerful weapons in the past as well as current time, encouraging fear or even hatred of others in times of conflicts and wars. The color of our skin and our backgrounds should not determine how our peers treat us, or how we are treated in places such as work etc.
Television can be seen as a very good thing to have come out of the 20th Century, and it can be seen as something that should never have been invented. There is no arguing though about the dependency and love many people have for television. Much of the world, especially America, depends on television for a great range of things from education, to information, to entertainment. Television has shaped and changed our society and our world in ways that can never be fully understood.
The process was long, but slavery would be no more. It affected African-Americans, because they were going to finally have their freedom. It also affected the president because he, metaphorically speaking, signed his own death bill. The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation upset most of southern whites, who were pro-slavery. Soon after the bill was signed, a war broke out between the north and the south.
Programs that states are now voting to do away with. These states are labeled as “racist states” by many, but what people do not look into is why many communities are moving past the past by abolishing affirmative action. Equality can only be achieved one way, by unconditionally meeting a set of equal standards. As states and organizations began moving in this direction, it was in hopes that the transformative aspirations of a newly elected Black president could help deliver the nation to a post racial society secure enough within themselves to embrace ethnicity over racial differences. As it would turn out, this ideology was ephemeral at best; if it ever truly existed in the president to begin with.
Additionally, government aid was not very successful and did little to counteract social inequality. In 1860, blacks were enslaved in the south. By 1877, blacks were legally allowed to vote and have all the rights afforded to any white man. The first major change to blacks’ rights was made by the thirteenth amendment. It abolished slavery in the United States; however it left blacks in a limbo between slaves and citizens.
Few have influenced the lives of African Americans in such a way as W.E.B Du Bois. The vision he had for African Americans was one that many found great hope in. He sought for the day that his race for finally have civil equality in every aspect of life. In the time of Du Bois, African Americans may have been considered free but still lacked many civil liberties, that the whites were easily granted. One of the biggest civil liberties they lacked was voting rights.