The United States and Latin America

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American attitudes towards Latin America can be summed up as an extension of larger global directives, and the exclusion of foreign powers in the region. This was highlighted especially during the Cold War as US involvement was essentially in competition with the USSR. Latin America was therefore a mere pawn in the larger context of US-Soviet competition for global dominance. The actions and methods used are also characterized by the lack of an international authority, or an atmosphere of inter-state anarchy, which shaped their calculations in the endeavor to increase their influence over Latin America. When one analyzes the situation, it seems only rational that the United States treated its southern neighbors so, due to the geographical proximity and seemingly endless source for raw materials and labor. The history between the United States in Latin America is one that clearly exhibits both historical and contemporary interference by the American government for ideological, political, economic, and social reasons. Ideological differences took center stage during the Cold War era as the US made concerted efforts to not only contain the spread of communism through containment, but to support anyone who opposed communism. Whatever rhetoric espoused by the US to justify their interference, the actual reason remains the same. Similar to the criticisms of Russian involvements in neighboring European countries, the United States has pursued an almost identical policy, albeit much more clandestine and everlasting. Interestingly enough, we see the US supporting caudillo regimes that would be considered fascist by European standards. During the height of the cold war, the proliferation of tyrannical “banana republics” eventually caused... ... middle of paper ... ... withdrew from the treaty; Mexico ceased to be a signatory in September 2004. Works Cited 1. http://www.oas.org/OASpage/press2002/en/press2001/sept01/09007.htm (11) 2. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/spanish/latin_america/newsid_2242000/2242240.stm (10) 3. http://socialsciences.scielo.org/scielo.php?pid=S0717-14982006000100001&script=sci_arttext (7) 4. http://www.americanforeignrelations.com/A-D/Alliances-Coalitions-and-Ententes-The-american-alliance-system-an-unamerican-tradition.html (5) 5. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8586560.stm (23) 6. http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76ve10/d4 (22) Dominguez, Jorge (1999). 7. "US-Latin American Relations During the Cold War and its Aftermath" The United States and Latin America: The New Agenda. Institute of Latin American Studies and the David Rockefeller Center for Latin Americas Studies (21)
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