To help enforce the ideas of containment, President Truman create... ... middle of paper ... ...ills and built bomb shelters in preparation for possible nuclear warfare. The U.S. also built up its army and its air force, just to be prepared. Overseas, the U.S. enforced the Eisenhower Doctrine, which was a threat warning communist countries not to attack the Middle East, lest they wanted to begin and all out war. The United States also engaged in an Arms Race with the Soviet Union to see who could build the most powerful and destructive weapons and technologies. Brinkmanship was effective in preventing war because neither the United States or the Soviet Union was really prepared to fight yet another war.
A Democratic notion of a "nuclear freeze" forced Reagan to reconsider his military policy because the election of 1984 was approaching and he had to appease the American public. In conclusion, Nixon and Reagan had different ideas and strategies for fighting Communism around the world. Each were given different circumstances and acted in their own unique ways, Nixon dealt with the foreign problems successfully by speaking to leaders while Reagan tried using military intimidation to get the desired result.
Strategies like brinkmanship were used to convince the enemy of the United States’ willingness to use the nuclear weapons. However the policy was risky and inflexible to the communist powers that caught up to America’s massive retaliation, which left America in a less than safe state after the policy.
Quickly fear began to collect within the public, and it wasn’t before long that the fear translated into support for the new policies of foreign involvement. Truman mentioned in his speech that this investment of U.S. resources paled in comparison to the cost of World War II. Truman insisted it is a necessity to secure the investment in peace achieved through the war by the means of curbing the communist agenda via foreign involvement and aid. This effort was portrayed as a way to prevent further wars, but instead directly contributed to the start of the cold war. Truman’s final lines in his speech stretch from instilling a fear of the communist regime exclaiming “The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want.
The three presidents before Reagan believed in ‘détente’ and protected its core, even though the public opposition ... ... middle of paper ... ... administration.” And “(the Soviet leaders) reserve unto themselves the right to commit any crime, to lie, to cheat, in order to obtain that (world revolution and singular communist state)” (Brown 571) This degrading and outright offensive speech against the USSR by the president further weakened already shaky diplomatic relationships with the Soviets. The Administration’s three major points of foreign policy were as follows: Decrease Soviet access to high technology and diminish their resources, including depressing the value of Soviet commodities on the world market, increase American defense expenditures to strengthen the U.S. negotiating position and to force the Soviets to devote more of their economic resources to defense. This created a sort of ‘arms race’ between the U.S. and USSR, racing to build up arms, ammunition and supplies as well as military forces.
The spread of communism challenged every one of these US aim’s, and therefore the US became convinced it had to stop this spread. The deliberate opposition to the spread of communism to capital countries is known as containment, which the US adopted in the late 1940’s. The US believed it must do everything in its power to uphold containment and save it’s peoples way of life. Another theory that soon surfaced that was related to the containment theory was the domino theory, which stated that as one small country fell to communism, surrounding small countries would also fall to communism rapidly. In the spirit of containment, strongly supported by President Harry Truman, was the main driving force behind the Korean War.
Another fear was the rapid spread of communism into countries in Eastern Europe and Asia. As concern of the public grew in regards to the spread of communism the government started to adjoin more foreign policy geared towards solving that predicament. The United States believed that it was there responsibility as superpower to protect democracy, and be leading example to other nations of protecting the rights of individuals. As a result the idea of containment was formed. The word “containment” to describe stopping the spread of communism was coined by George Kennen.
The United States saw communism as a threat to their capitalist system. The United States wanted to stop the threat of communism in the world. During the entirety of the Cold War, one can argue that the events that unraveled as a circle effect becaus... ... middle of paper ... ...l goal.” Both parties were wrong in coming to conclusion and misperceiving events rather than sitting face to face and coming up with a solution. During the Cold War, there was misperception and perception between the Soviet Union as well as the United States. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism and take control of the world; the United States wanted to prevent that.
Decisions influenced by President Harry S. Truman and his doctrine, which was essentially the policy to contain the spread of communism, gave the United Nations an opportunity to prevent global domination through communism (“Teaching with Documents”). The fear of international communism from the powers of The Soviet Union and People’s Republic of China was the main reason that caused the United States to intervene. In addition to the prevention of communism, President Truman’s decision was also influenced by the apprehensive environment during The Cold War. The Soviet Union was able to ruin the United States as the monopoly of nuclear bombs in 1949 when they successfully detonated their firs... ... middle of paper ... ... of the Korean War”). In Conclusion, the U.S decisive decision to enter the war was caused by the desire to politically rule and, in essence, prevent the world domination of communist rule.
Unlike any president before him, he utilized the CIA to conduct covert missions to cease or halt the spread of Communism. Eisenhower also believed in the “domino theory”, in which without American influence, a nation could succumb to Communism, and if they did, the nation next would, until all were Communist. This was prevalent in Southeast Asia, as there were two main communist influences in the region. Since there were these influence, Eisenhower set out and established SEATO, which is the Pacific version of NATO. Following Eisenhower, President Kennedy believed that some measure taken were too weak.