Why did the Americans select the constitutional order they did in 1787-1789, and why did they reject a more democratic and confederal form not more than a decade old? In 1787, twenty-nine delegates convened in Philadelphia to tweak the Articles of Confederation. Some delegates, however, arrived with the intention of creating a completely new constitution. James Madison proposed the Virginia Plan, a plan which advocated a balanced, three-branch method of government with a bicameral, or two-house, Congress. In contrast, William Paterson submitted the New Jersey Plan which merely amended the Articles by giving the federal government more power.
The United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787 by the constitutional convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the supreme law of the United States. After declaring its freedom from Great Britain after the Revolutionary War, America was in need of creating a government separate from the rule of the king. This task was not an easy one to accomplish. The first attempt at constitution, the Articles of Confederation, failed miserably.
Alexander Hamilton called for a convention to be held in Massachusetts to advise congress to “render the constitution”. Several problems came about that led to a new Constitution to be written in 1787. The Constitution called for a more united government that was given more power. The Constitution was supported by two major politicians and they were George Washington and Benjamin Franklin, who called themselves Federalist. In this essay we will review the major conflicts and distinctions between the Articles of Confederation and the U.S. Constitution.
These amendments were created to keep the rights of the people protected. The founding fathers put what they believed where the most essential rights of the people They believed so strongly that we needed the right to have guns that they put it second in the Bill of Rights. When the Bill of Rights was written it was after Americans had gone through tyranny of Great Britain. The founding fathers did not want what the rights of free people taken away again. They were also afraid that a centralized government could over throw the people and take over without a fight.
When the Americans won the war the new leaders were aware that they would need to develop a government. The Articles of Confederation were written and adopted by the United States for this purpose. (Harr, 2012... ... middle of paper ... ...H., (2012) Constitutional law and the criminal justice system. Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Farrand, Max, (1913) The framing of the constitution of the united states.
The nature of the convention was to revise the articles of Confederation. The Confederation congress wanted the Constitution to be changed in a way that would render the federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of government and the preservation of the Union. (Daniel, P.14, 2010) The Articles of Confederation do vary from the New Constitution of 1787, Changes were made, and many felt the changes needed and would be the key to the success of the United States of America. (Daniel, P.239, 2010) Where these changes needed, or would the United States be fine without them? Are the changes significant enough to achieve the goals the Confederate Congress were reaching for?
Before the Constitution was framed, a weak central government had been established under the Articles of confederation. The Articles of Confederation were created when Richard Lee offered his resolution for independence in June 1776. He proposed that “ a plan of Confederation” he prepared for the colonists a confederation is defined as a group of independent states or ... ... middle of paper ... ... they were going off of different ideas but, they say by evaluating the Articles they came up with something better what they called that Constitution. I just explained to you the differences and the similarity between both the Articles and the Constitution. One of the greatest things that the Constitution had was, “The Constitution created a more cohesive federal government, allowing for more centralized control of things such as coining money, enforcing laws, collecting taxes, and passing laws.
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 gave Madison the opportunity for which he had so long prepared. Success, he believed, was imperative because failure would lead to a return to monarchy or to the dissolution of the United Staes into several different governments. Basing his theories on the historical ... ... middle of paper ... ...y solved the problem of representation. His plan called for the creation of a senate that gave equal representation to all states and a lower house with representation based on population. Roger Sherman's public career reflected the heritage and concerns of his native New England.
Prior to the Constitution, the thirteen states were bound together by the Articles of Confederation. These were in essence a military alliance between sovereign nations adopted to better fight the Revolutionary War. 11. Bill of Rights: the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791 and guaranteeing such rights as the freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship. Critical to United States History.
During the Revolutionary War, on June 12, 1776, the Second Continental Congress representing all of the thirteen colonies under British control assembled a draft of the Articles of Confederation; the first of two doctrines that resulted in the eventual unification of the divided colonies, establishment of a self government, and the ratification of today’s U.S. Constitution. The first U.S. constitutional doctrine ever written were the Articles of Confederation, composed during a time when the thirteen British colonies were still in a Revolutionary war with Great Britain. On November 15, 1777 after a year of debate, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation. It didn’t become effective though, until it was ratified by all thirteen states in 1781; a task that proved to be difficult after some states refused to cooperate. Under the Articles of Confederation the British colonies were to unite, become individual self-sovereign states, and distinguish themselves as the United States of America.