There is more than one way to collect statistics on crime. Morgan and Clare (2012) highlight a range of other sources for collecting crime data, one of which includes crime victim surveys. A survey is given to a sample population asking questions in relation to their recent experiences with crime in the last year (Morgan & Clare, 2012, p. 33). As highlighted by both Warren and Clare (2012) and Bishop (2004), crime victim surveys allow the collection of information straight from the victims, generating some variance in information, than that collected by the police. They are also able to reach into the previously mentioned dark figure of crime, by being able to include crimes that may not have been reported to the police.
Now, it is a requirement by law to make an arrest if they respond to any case of domestic violence. It is important to study whether enactment of this new law has led to a change in behavior of people in intimate relationships regarding domestic violence. Hypothesis The hypothesis for this research will be 'Have the new stricter policies on domestic violence among intimate partners led to a decrease in repeat offenders? ' This research is very important in determining the measures to take to be a deterrent to this crime. There are many approaches to dealing with crime.
How to effectively employ measures of crime prevention are influenced greatly by the amount or extent of crime. “Official incidence reports, compiled and published as the Uniform Crime Reports and citizen-defined victimizations, compiled and published as the National Crime Surveys” (Cohen & Lichbach, 1982, p. 253). With these we have both official statistics used by the police and the justice system and then real victim surveys where by we see the amount of crime people haven’t officially reported. There are also many other day-to-day accounts, which can help narrow the scope of crime data. These include; hospital and insurance records for injuries or vehicle damages, incarceration rates, ministerial publishments and self-report surveys.
The police will record once they satisfied that the case as a crime. Many categories of criminal cases can be recorded (Department of Sociology 2011). People claimed that this method provides a more accurate picture of crime to the society compare to other methods since the statistics are collected directly from the police reports. Furthermore, the result expressed in numerical terms so is considered more objective. There are arguments appear that some people oppose that the statistical methods used for incidence of crime measurement.
You can compare crime trends with previous years to see whether the crime rate has risen or fallen. This information is useful to criminologists because they can look at these trends and try to understand what significant changes in society have occurred to account for these changes in the crime rate. Crime rates help identify areas of concern so the proper actions can be taken to stop the crime (more police, stricter laws…). The UCR also helps provide the public with a vague idea of what is going on in their so... ... middle of paper ... ...he data is imperfect everywhere; since the error is consistent, the data is still useful. However, someone from a structuralist perspective would view the statistics as being a description of the distribution of power in society.
Crime Data Sources in the United States: The collection of crime data in the United States is carried out through different approaches including Uniform Crime Reports and the National Incident-Based Reporting System, which also act as the two primary sources of crime data for crime reporting. The data obtained from these sources are used for research and documentation of crime status at the county, state, and national levels. Notably, the National Incident-Based Reporting System emerged as an advancement of the conventional summary of Uniform Crime Reports that were used to track crime in the country. In addition, the Congress uses data from these sources together with those from the National Crime Victimization Survey to guide policy decisions and create suitable responses to crime. While the use of these sources helps in dealing with crime in the United States, they have some similarities and differences between them with regards to methodological processes and implications.
The theory was first brought to the public’s attention when Edwin Sutherland argued if crime was “historical” or “situational” (Preaux, 2015). Sutherland is often called the “father of American criminology” due to his research with criminology. To the offender situational crime prevention makes crimes require more effort, more risk and it reduces the reward the offender gets (Preaux, 2015). The way it works is by either preventing opportunities for the person to commit the crime or by changing the offender’s thoughts about committing the crime. With these new methods of crime prevention coming into the world crime rates can slowly be reduced.
Part one offenses would be your more serious crimes such as homicides, rape, aggravated assaults, and so on. Part two offenses would be more of the property crimes such as fraud, simple assaults, and drug abuse. The Uniform Crime Report does an excellent job presenting the numbers in terms of the part one offenses, however, there are some cons that come with the Uniform Crime
The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. (Uniform Crime Reports, 2011) At the time it was argued that among the variety of official data, not only were "offenses known" closest to the crime itself, but a more constant relationship existed between offenses committed and offenses known to the police than between offenses committed and other official data; assumptions shown to be erroneous by victimization surveys many years later. (Britt, Statistics: Reporting Systems and Methods - Unofficial Crime Statistics, 2011)In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics.