The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

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UAVs Laws and Legislations
The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has produced an expedited certificate of authorization (COA) process for local law enforcement agencies to operate unmanned aerial vehicles. The expedited COA process is part of the FAA's reauthorization legislation - the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (P. L 1 12-95) - which was signed into law by President Barack Obama on Feb. 14, 2012.
Federal, state and local government entities must obtain a COA from the FAA before flying a UAV in the national airspace, the agency says( Dorr 2014). Under the streamlined process, COAs will be available for operations within a defined incident perimeter throughout an agency's jurisdiction. In addition, an automated, Web-based process to streamline steps and ensure a COA application is complete and ready for review has been developed, the FAA says.( Dorr 2014) Further, should a law enforcement agency face an emergency situation in which it needs to get a UAV airborne quickly, expedited procedures have been put in place to grant one-time COAs for time-sensitive emergency missions?
RTCA, Inc. is a non – profit association that functions mainly with United States volunteers within its’ organization. Originally, the RTCA was founded as the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics, although today it develops technical guidance for use by government regulatory authorities and by industry. With it’s 200 or more committees, it acts as an advisory sector to the FAA. Interoperability Requirements (INTEROP), a specialty committee within the RTCA, Inc., provides adequate assurance that the appropriate aspects of the relevant Communication Navigation Surveillance and Air Traffic Management (CNS/ATM) capabilities, whe...

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...acticality of them. The military has taken the majority of criticism. The military engages targets with unmanned aerial vehicles, so that the lives of military personnel are not put into jeopardy. These drone attacks are questionable, because it is hard to identify targets after the attacks. The collateral damage after a drone attack often includes individuals that were around the target. The debts include noncombatants, not limited to the target own families.
Foreign leaders authorized the use of drones in their countries for high-profile targets. If civilians are killed, their constituents criticize the foreign leaders. The death of innocence civilians puts stress on foreign relationships. Congress is looking into how they can minimize civilian casualties, which is closed to realization the advancing technology. (US Agency for International Development 2014)

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