In P.L.Perrewe (Ed.). Handbook on job stress, Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 6, 1-13. Mackay C., Cox, T. Burrows, G. Lazzerini (1978). An inventory for the measurement of self-reported stress and arousal. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 17, 3, 283-4 Welbourne, J.L., Eggerth, D., Hartley, T.A., Andrew, M.E.
A. LePine, and M. A. LePine. 2007. Differential challenge stress or hindrance stressor relationships with job attitudes, turnover intentions, turnover, and withdrawal behavior: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology 92:438-54. Shetach, A.
The mental illness of depression is a low mood set that is bot mentally strenuous and physically exhausting. Depression is a widespread and seemingly growing epidemic in the work force today, and surpasses personal influences and reaches economic effects. Individuals with this illness feel sad, anxious, hopeless, helpless empty, guilty, irritable, hurt or even restless. They lose interest in activities that were once exciting or pleasurable to them once. Individuals in a depressive state may also experience loss of appetite or overeating, experience troubles concentrating, remember details or making decisions.
A study performed in the United States by Dr. Jeannie Cimiottti, shows that hospitals with high burn-out rates among nurses have higher levels UTI’s, and surgical infections (World, 2012). Nursing burnout not only affects the nurse, but it also affects the patient, the nurses’ colleagues, and the nurses’ family; nursing burn out often leads to emotional exhaustion and depression, that can effect relations and communication between the nurse effected and the person they are communicating with. This paper will cover what burn-out is, who is susceptible to burn out, and treatment and prevent nursing burn out. What is nursing burn-out? Burnout occurs when a person does not have effective coping skills to deal with the demands of the work they are performing; it is also said to be chronic stress caused by the high demands of a job.
When the boss feels inadequate: power, incompetence, and aggression. Psychological Science, 20(11), 1406-1413. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2009.02452.x Greer, L. L., & van Kleef, G. A. (2010). Equality versus differentiation: The effects of power dispersion on group interaction. Journal Of Applied Psychology, 95(6), 1032-1044. doi:10.1037/a0020373 Wilmot, W., & Hocker, J.
British Journal of Clinical Psychology. , 49(4), p529-545. O'Grady, M. (2010). Depression History, Depression Vulnerability, and the Experience of Everyday Negative Events. Journal Of Social & Clinical Psychology, 29(9), 949-974.
Researchers have attempted to link stress and burnout and its effect on job performance. This research analysis includes different scholarly studies done and that found many contributing factors such as job satisfaction, work and family demands, work environment, and culture. Ivancevich, Konopaske, & Matteson, 2011 defines burnout as a psychological process, brought about by unrelieved work stress that results in emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and feeling of decreased accomplishment. Examples of emotional exhaustion includes; feeling drained by work, fatigue in the morning, frustrated, and do not want to work with others. Depersonalization is when a person has become emotionally hardened by their job, treat others like objects, do not care what happens to them, and feel others blame them.
Journalists may very well be subjected to these strains and issues considering the high levels of stress and erratic schedules they are forced to undergo if they wish to be successful in the industry. Burnout is a psychological disorder that reflects symptoms of general work-related exhaustion. It is described as a slow process of psychological erosion caused by ongoing stressors at work (Backholm, 2012). Burnout includes three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, cynicism and a reduced sense of personal effectiveness (Maslach & Courtois, 2008; Maslach & Leiter, 1997). Also, Maslach and Courtois (2008) have proposed that trauma-related work, especially long-term repeated work with the direct victims of trauma, might be a predictor for burnout.
Further, negati... ... middle of paper ... ...dispositional resistance to change and the orientation toward the change agent.’ Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(2), pp. 337-349. Palmer, I. & Dunford, R. (2008) ‘Organizational change and the importance of embedded assumptions‘, British Journal of Management, 19 (S1), pp.S20–S32 Prud'homme, R. (1995) ‘THE DANGERS OF DECENTRALIZATION’, World Bank Research Observer 10(2), pp. 201-220.
Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/213090955?accountid=32521 Sullivan, M. J., Tripp, D. A., & Catano, V. (1997). The contributions of attributional style, expectancies, depression and self-esteem in a cognition-based depression model. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 29(2), 101. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/220514335?accountid=32521 Thorne, D., & Journal, S. W. (1997, Oct 09). Depressed?