Hypertension (HTN) is a chronic disease determined by high levels of blood pressure in the arteries, thus the heart must exert more effort than normal order to circulate blood through the blood vessels. In Canada, approximately 6 million people over 20 years or more have been diagnosed with HTN being this disease the most common cardiovascular disease and is a major risk factor for the most common cardiovascular diseases: such as stroke and myocardial infarction, which are responsible for about 29% of deaths in Canada in 2011 (Statistics Canada, 2011) Are considered risk factors for the development of HTN: Age (the age of greatest risk being the 40 years or older), gender and ethnicity (the prevalence is higher among men, in relation to ethnicity, is more prevalent in not caucasians individuals), overweight and obesity, excessive intake of sodium, alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyle, socioeconomic factors and genetics. Controllable Disease Risk Factors Obesity and overweight increase considerably the risk of HTN, in addition to providing excess fat in the blood, diabetes and heart disease. Who has HTN, to gain weight, will have a higher pressure and, by losing weight, this pressure this will drop. Weight loss in overweight or obese people will reduces the risk of heart disease, because it provides a reduction in LDL cholesterol that is deposited in the arteries.
Life expectancy has grown over the last 100 years. This leads to a variety of health issues and problems that affect these elder generations quality of life. According to the United States CDC, one in three American adults suffers from hypertension. With so many Americans having high blood pressure it is no surprise that hypertension is one of the most dangerous conditions, leading to death, in the elderly. Doctors often skip directly to subscription, medications to help control elevated blood pressures, but other problems can arise from these medications, like dementia.
P. L., 2012. Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease: Cause and Consequence – Therapeutic Considerations. Intechopen [online]. March [viewed 20 February 2016]. Available from: http://cdn.intechopen.com MURPHREE, D., and THELEN, S. M., 2010.
Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is more often found in males than in females as age increases then reverses around the age of 65. There is about 67 million of American adults that have high blood pressure, which is 31 percent, that comes down to one in every three American adults (High Blood Pressure Facts, CDC.com). Hypertension is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure (“What Is High Blood Pressure, NIH.com).
Many patients would be better helped by referring them to a psychologist to help with body image issues they may have. In elective cosmetic surgery there are medical risks involved, such as the risks involved in anesthesia and the risk of infection. There is also the monetary risk of never being able to pay off the cost of the surgery. All of these risks need to be made clear to the patient before the doctor allows them to undergo cosmetic surgery. There is risk associated with any sort of medical treatment, but one of the main risks when undergoing surgery is a complication from the anesthetic.
The inadequate production of cortisol and often deficient levels of aldosterone and adrenal androgens can result in the body attacking itself (autoimmune disease), thus becoming life-threatening. When these hormones are not producing sufficiently it can be detrimental to the body because they are essential for life. The MayoClinic website states the hormone cortisol is necessary and without it can result in excessive levels of potassium and low levels of salt, causing an electrolyte imbalance in the body. It can also hinder the body’s ability to convert foods into energy, affects the body’s inflammatory response, and impede the body’s ability to respond to stress appropriately. It also can affect a person’s overall mental well-being by influencing sexual development among males and females by causing diminished libido and muscle mass.
What is blood pressure? How is it measured?. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/270644.php (accessed 25 April 2014). 2. Pickering T, Harshfield G, Kleinert D, Laragh J.
The main causes of high blood pressure consist of a person's weight, bad habits, and stress. Acorrding to "What is High Blood Pressure", carrying too much weight around can be life threatening. Being overweight is a major risk factor in developing high blood pressure(1). Not getting enough exercise throughout your life can cause many negative things. It can also put you at risk for high blood pressure.
Secondly it contributes to hardening of the arteries and lastly, it also contributes to heart failure. A healthy heart is essential to life and having high blood pressure it not healthy for the heart. It has been proven that there are many different causes that have been linked to high blood pressure. First of all, there are some risk factors that play a roll in those that have high blood pressure. Risk factors include ones age, race, and even gender.
This can occur from various controversies but the main cause is the blockage of an artery which ultimately leads to it narrowing explained by Douglas Wetherill (2000). Wetherill also stated that if the supply of oxygenated blood is cut off from the heart, a portion of the heart muscle will die resulting in a heart attack (2000). Although there is many different areas within the topic of heart disease, coronary artery disease is the main focus within this report due to the connection between health, lifestyle and prevention. Not only that, but it is the main topic of heart disease altogether. Coronary Artery Disease is a very in depth topic and must be explained thoroughly.