The Trial And Execution Of King Charles I

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The trial and execution of King Charles I was a process that contained many changes for the English nation in early 1649. The nation’s issues with Charles Stuart did not begin in the last year of his life; however, it began long before January 1649. The king at the time came from a monarchy and was above the law as ordained by God. Others saw this, as stated in his charges at the trial, that he had conceived “a wicked design to erect and uphold in himself and unlimited and tyrannical power to rule according to his Will, and to overthrow the Rights and Liberties of the People.” Charles’ own indignation of his place in the law created issues within England, dividing the nation politically and religiously. There were multitudinous factors that moved King Charles I to his execution. Nonetheless, the factors that were prevalent within and around the week of January 16, 1649 included the mixed views of the radical Parliament, the military and its power in governing decisions, and the appeals of the inhabitants of London. The road leading up to the trial and execution of Charles is a tumultuous one with many twists and turns. Charles Stuart’s father, King James of England, left the country deeply in debt due to a war with Spain. During this time, the House of Commons controlled the funds to pay for war. Due to this, the House was able to expand its power because of the struggle to pay off debt. These same disputes about money and power between the Parliament and the King continued under Charles I, who reigned from 1625 to 1649, where he met his death. Four years into his reign, Charles dissolved Parliament and decided to rule on his own accord. In order to fund his ruling, he expanded taxes on the inhabitants of England. One of the mo... ... middle of paper ... ... it through the Common Council of Parliament who sympathized with the Army. By January 15, 1649—three days before the ministers in London signed their appeal, Tichborne had already presented the petition to Parliament. The Agreement of the People was further used by the Generall Councel of the Army as a peace agreement amongst themselves in 1649 after they never received a peace settlement from the last civil war. Publisher Bernard Alsop described the settlement as containing “the best and most hopefull Foundations for the peace and future government of this Nation.” On top of this, the Generall Councel of the Army humbly proposed that people look over the settlement to know that the Councel was doing nothing to advantage themselves. This allowed the Army to be presented in a positive light because it gave the idea that they were doing what was best for England.

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