The Treaty Of The End Of World War I

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After World war one, Germany was left was left financially overwhelmed and chastened by the war and the Versailles Treaty. The Versailles Treaty was a peace treaty signed at the end of world war one between Germany and the Allied Powers on June 28, 1919. The Weimar Republic brought liberal democracy to Germany in the 1920’s, and this progress soon ended with the onset of the Great Depression. Because of the democracy declined in influence as fascism and communism rose in power. By the 1930’s the center was falling out of German politics, as communists on the far left and fascists on the extreme right gained popularity. During this time Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist Party rose to power. Hitler was the leader was the leader of the National Socialist Party who became chancellor of Germany and dismantled the Weimar constitution. Hitler’s ideas were different than those of the Liberal Party and Socialist Party of what “the people” or das Volk meant. For Hitler das Volk was a single organism bound by history, tradition, and race. To him all Germans were connected by their racial destiny which he defined as a race superior to all others. According to Nazism, any German who did not live up to the ideal of racial pride and racial purity needed to be excised. This included communists, homosexuals and the handicapped. It was argued that the proponents of racist pseudoscience of eugenics of selective breeding could lead to a superior race of humans. Hitler was obsessed with eugenics and what he saw as the corrupting effects of racial mixing. While looking for someone to fault the country’s problems on, he tapped into a centuries old tradition of anti-Semitism or prejudice against Jews. He identified German Jew’s as the threat... ... middle of paper ... to tap into the idealism of young people and their aspiration to be a part of something larger than themselves. Since fascism appeals to the emotions more than to reason, there were few philosophical statements of fascist principles. The most coherent was co-written by Benito Mussolini and the fascist political philosopher Giovanni Gentile in 1932. According to Mussolini and Giovanni, fascist and liberal values differ liberalism denies the state in the name of the individual; while fascism reasserts the rights of the State as expressing the real essence of the individual. When Mussolini and Giovanni state that fascist disdains and easy life, they mean they look down at it. This is because fascist conceive life as crucial, severe, and spiritual; and all its manifestations are poised in a world maintained by moral forces and subject to divine responsibilities.
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