The Treaty Of New Echota And The Cherokee Civil War

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The plight of Native Americans, alternatively called Indians, under the United States (US) government emerged from efforts of the nation to expand its territorial borders and exert political control across North America. Although Native Americans stood as the original inhabitants of territories occupied by the US, the US government became determined in exercising discretion over them. Such has led to dissent among Native Americans, whose tribes have since conducted uprisings and issued calls for self-determination. However, none of those reactions became successful in swaying the opinion of the US government towards granting greater autonomy to Native Americans. In fact, the territories occupied by Native Americans remained under the legitimate control of the US government even to this day, with a history characterized by abuse and violence. The US government conducted land distribution of Native American territories and forceful population transfers, all to the peril of Native Americans who felt robbed of their rights over their ancestral domains. This study highlights a particular treaty in US history that served as a focal point to the suffering of Native Americans – the Treaty of Echota. Further focus devotes to a particular event involving the Treaty of New Echota – the assassination of Cherokee leaders who signed it by supporters of conflicting Cherokee factions in 1839, which led to the Cherokee Civil War. First-hand accounts coming from people who lived during said period provides valuable insights for this study, which treats the Treaty of New Echota and its surrounding events as highly important aspects for understanding Native Americans at the height of their struggle against the US government during the 19th century.... ... middle of paper ... ...e Americans in the Cherokee Nation, hence making the US government successful in its goal to control their ancestral domains (Cherokee Nation; Cherokee Phoenix and Indians’ Advocate, pp. 2-3). Conclusion The Treaty of New Echota and the 1839 assassinations related to it that resulted to the Cherokee Civil War all serve as important considerations for US history, specifically the success of the US in consolidating much of its present-day territories in North America. At the same time, it provides the understanding that such process of territorial consolidation did not push through in completely just terms. The US government in the 1830s expressly violated the rights of Native Americans over their ancestral domains through legal tools, damaged and took many lives in the process, and diminished the unity of the Cherokee Nation towards prospects for self-determination.

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