Steve Coates’ article quotes Alexander, he says, “Achilles is at once a star-like demigod and a raging monster” (Coates). Alexander suggests that looks may be deceiving, but it is on the inside that really counts. Achilles appears to be a great demigod, but on the inside he is an inhumanly cruel person. Achilles is an eristic man; he refuses Hector’s wish in honoring his body and giving it back to his family if he is killed in battle. The narrator says, “But it was shame and defilement Achilles had in mind for Hector” (xxii. 438-439). By the narrator saying this, it briefly foreshadows what repugnant actions the next few lines will hold. Because of the way the narrator arranges these words, it seems as though Achilles plots to ruin Hector’s body so that it cannot be returned to his family. “He pierced the tendons above the heels and cinched them with leather thongs to his chariot, letting Hector’s head drag” (xxii. 439-441). Homer paints this horrendous picture of Hector being dragged by a chariot. This is a very disturbing thing for Achilles to do, and since he shows no regret, it confirms that he has no conscience or remorse for what he did. Phoebus Apollo, a Greek god, even says Achilles is an unpleasant and awful man. Phoebus
In Book 21, Achilles kills a hostage at his mercy, whose life he has sparred in the past. By the end of Book 21, Achilles has killed so many Trojan’s that the river is clogged with the bodies of his victims. Achilles behaves without a care for human life, as well as his treatment toward Hector before and after he kills him. As stated in Blucher’s article, Achilles is found to go berserk, committing atrocities to both living and dead. This, for Shay, is the story of the Iliad and also as Shay goes on to demonstrate, the story of many Vietnam combat veterans”. (Blucher). Before their battle Hector begs Achilles to honor his corpse if he is killed in war, and Achilles refuse, saying, “Don’t try to cut any deals with me, Hector. Do lions make peace treaties with men? Do wolves and lambs agree to get along? No, they hate each other to the core, And that’s how it is between you and me, No talk of agreements until one of us Falls and gluts Ares with his blood” (Homer). His statement of intent to dishonor Hector’s corpse and to damage the body after his enemy’s death, shows that he had anger towards his superiors. The most disturbing portrayal from Achilles is his behavior, when Hector’s father Priam meets with him to ask for Hector’s body. This show Achilles’ anger is driven by rage towards other superior officers in the
Achilles agreed that Patrokolos should wear his armor into battle, this decision along with the fact Achilles was no longer fighting, ultimately caused Patrokolos’ death. When Patrokolos died at the hands of Hektor, two things happened. First, being distraught over his friend’s death, Achilles feels responsible/ Guilt ensues but is channeled to more anger. Hektor, the slayer of Patrokolos now becomes the target of Achilles rage. Achilles is ready to fight, but more accurately ready for revenge. Achilles said, “I will not live nor go about among mankind unless Hektor fall by my spear, and thus pay me for having slain Patrokolos son of Menoetius,” (The Iliad, Chapter 18, Lines 89-91). When Achilles decided to fight, the fate of Hektor was already decided. Also, because he decided to fight, many more Trojans died. His fury with all of Troy was unleashed. Achilles killed and killed. The carnage was
The most powerful warriors in this story were Hector and Achilles. Both men were given the title of heroes and displayed great power, skills and courage. But the values of Hector and Achilles were very different from one another and very different from the people of today’s society. Dignity, pride, honor, glory, fame, and revenge are very important to these people as it still is today, but it is achieved in a much different way.
...eft his heart,” he treats Priam with great respect and allows him to retrieve the body of his son. The man who would have taught Hector his compassion restores Achilles with his words. Through the death of Hector, who had compassion and saw people as more than warriors, Achilles’ ability to recognize the humanity of others is restored.
Who was this man named, Achilles, and why is he as known as he is? Achilles was a great man with a lot of Personalities. Achilles was introduced as the epitome of destructive might, in his, tent he realized his true force was more that martial dominance over another (Champagne 65). Achilles was a warrior and because of that, people wonder who he is. Achilles is one of the heroic Greek gods because of his help and saving of the Trojan War.
...battle that Achilles’ ego needed. However, Hector tried to do the right thing by offering the deceased be returned to their respective camps after the battle was over. It is at this point that Achilles is beyond the common courtesies of war and flat out denied Hector’s request. This action by Achilles shows his arrogance and the bloodlust that was truly in his heart rather than the courage that so many people claim that he had.
First of all, the ransom for Hectors’ defaced body shows the compassion in The Iliad. Hector is portrayed as the “hero of sacred Troy” (24.213) so instead of defacing his body even more, Achilles demonstrates compassion and returns his sacred body back to Troy. Moreover, loyalty is
He encountered Achilles every time the man (or his armor) stepped onto the battlefield, knowing one or the other would eventually die. While on shores of Troy, Hector sees who he believes is Achilles leading the charge of Greeks into battle. He comes into contact with the man wearing Achilles armor and kills him in a swift blow to the neck. After the battle is over, Hector finds out that he had not killed Achilles, but instead he killed Achilles's cousin. And, in the end, knowing he has failed in killing who he thought was Achilles, he walks outside the gate to face Achilles one last time knowing that he must either kill the man to save his people or else be killed himself in the attempt. Even when he realizes that he may die, he still fights Achilles. Hector fought for what he loved and to protect the people who he held closest to his heart. Even though knowing that he was just an ordinary human and Achilles was not, Hector still fought to defend
While Phoenix and Meleager seemed to have issues with their respective parents, Achilles has none of the same issues. Achilles has a loving mother as well as a father and Phoenix, a father figure. Achilles and Phoenix are so close that Phoenix claims, “I made you what you are, my godlike Achilles, And loved you from my heart” (Homer’s Iliad 9.498-499). In contrast, the relationships depicted through Phoenix’s story are filled with rage and promises of death. The importance of structuring symmetrical relationships when invoking an emotional argument is imperative, and this paradigm fails to pick appropriate examples. Though Achilles may feel pity, he isn’t able to wholeheartedly empathize with the narrative laid before him. Without empathy, there can be no universal bonds in which others can be held accountable for each other. The dearth of empathetic material in Phoenix’s speech is largely proportional to Achilles’ acute refusal as well as a broader representation of the tragedy of the Trojan war on the
The foundation of the Homeric heroes’ actions develops from the internal struggle amongst concern for themselves, their families, and their community. The hero’s egoistic desire compels him or her to pursue everlasting glory for them, launching a manifest of feats that people will remember in history for generations. The hero’s altruistic desire seats their personal safety, and the safety of their families, above everlasting fame. Iliad opens with Achilles and Hector fighting for someone else’s gain—Achilles for Agamemnon, Hector for Paris. Both start with similar motives but in contrasting directions. During the opening of Iliad, Achilles retracts his men from the action, due to being unsympathetically dishonored by Agamemnon taking Achilles bride Briseis. Achilles, despite the loss of his fel...
The question "was Achilles' anger justified" brings up issues that seem to have little or no relevance to the war. In time of war I would expect the leaders to prioritize the groups interest for the sake of unity and cooperation rather than being entrenched in achieving their own personal goals. But my expectations are those of a modern day literature student, I'm inclined to think that the Greeks who first read this epic valued different things than myself. Another relevant question might be "were Achilles' actions justified". Anger can be easily justified, but the actions that anger might lead you to take are not as easily justified. Again I am not an ancient Greek and my opinions are irrelevant unless I open my mind to different viewpoints. Therefore I am striving to look into this issue through ancient Greek eyes where the principle of sacrificing ones own interests was apparently not valued, but maintaining ones honor, on the other hand, was greatly valued. In the following paragraphs I will attempt to answer these two aforementioned questions.
After, Achilles’ men had stabbed Hector and Achilles attached Hector’s body to a carriage and dragged it around the city. When this happen, Priam who is Hector’s father was not happy about this because all of his sons has been killed and he did not want to leave his son’s body to be torture. Priam wanted his son’s
Throughout the Iliad the warriors' dream of peace is projected over and over again in elaborate similes developed against a background of violence and death. Homer is able to balance the celebration of war's tragic, heroic values with scenes of battle and those creative values of civilized life that war destroys. The shield of Achilles symbolically represents the two poles of human condition, war and peace, with their corresponding aspects of human nature, the destructive and creative, which are implicit in every situation and statement of the poem and are put before us in something approaching abstract form; its emblem is an image of human life as a whole.
The Ancient Greeks admired their heroes and tried to learn from both their achievements and their mistakes. They believed that most great leaders and warriors followed a predictable behavior cycle, which often ended tragically. In Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad, Achilles is a great warrior who traces the stages of the behavior cycle twice, from arete to hubris to ate and then to nemesis. Achilles is a highly skilled warrior and a great leader who becomes a narcissist and an arrogant person, which leads to selfish and childish behavior resulting in the death of his best friend. Following Patroclus’ death, Achilles repeats the behavior cycle by regaining his courage and motivation, and goes back to battle against Hector. The pride he feels in killing Hector and his overpowering hatred for him, leads Achilles to another bad decision: disrespecting the body of his enemy. This foolish choice leads directly to Achilles death. Although The Iliad is mainly known as a story about the Trojan War, it is understood as a story about Achilles and his struggle to be a hero.