The Toltec, Aztec, and Mayan Indian Tribes

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The Toltec, Aztec, and Mayan Indian Tribes


The Toltecs were an Indian tribe who existed from 900 A.D. to 1200. They

had a capital city of Tollan, and their influences reached south to the

Yucatan and Guatemala. They were a composite tribe of Nahua, Otomi, and

Nonoalca. The Tolt ecs made huge stone columns decorated like totem poles.


Aztecs were an American Indian people who rule an empire in Mexico during

the 1400's and early 1500's. They practiced a religion that affected every

part of their lives. To worship the Aztecs built towering temples, created

huge sculptures, and had human sacrifices. The center of Aztec

civilization was a river valley in Mexico. The emperor of the Aztecs was

called the "huey tlatoani" (great speaker). A council of high-ranking no

bles chose him from the members of a royal family. The Aztec society had

four main classes nobles, commoners, serfs, and slaves. The typical Aztec

household consisted of a husband and wife, their unmarried children, and a

number of the husbands relative s. Boys were educated by...
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