Specifically, tobacco accounts for approximately 435,000 deaths per year and about $100 billion in direct and indirect medical costs. The most common diseases associated with tobacco use include lung, throat and mouth cancers, heart disease and chronic pulmonary diseases. Despite extensive attempts to raise public awareness on the risks associated with smoking tobacco, Underwood (2012) observes that an estimated 50 million Americans still consume tobacco. Just like cocaine and opium dependence, cigarette smoking can lead to a very powerful addiction. Approximately one in every three people who have ever tried one cigarette develops nicotine dependence.
Introduction In the 20th century, the tobacco epidemic worldwide killed 100 million people. In the 21st century, the tobacco epidemic could kill 1 billion. In one in ten adults worldwide, about 5 million deaths per year, the cause of death is smoking, and if the present smoking pattern persists, the proportion will be one in six by the year 2030, about 10 million deaths per year (World bank, 1999). Among the people alive today, it shows that about 500 million will eventually be killed by tobacco (Peto & et al, 1994). Smoking is an extraordinarily significant cause of untimely death and disability since the 1950’s, and more than 70,000 articles are able to support it.
For example, smoking causes over 80% of all lung cancer deaths (CRC Cancerstats 2001). In 1999 22% of all cancer deaths were of the lungs, making it the most common form of cancer. Lung cancer is not the only form of cancer with an increased risk if you smoke; cancer of the mouth, throat, bladder, kidney, stomach, liver as well as oesophageal cancer (gullet), pancreatic cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, leukaemia and breast cancer. Pancreatic cancer along with other forms of cancer is rapidly fatal and has a low survival rate. This particular cancer has a survival rate of just 4%, and smoking is a direct cause (Boyle et al 1996).
The CDC reports that cigarette smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the nation that accounts for almost 500,000 deaths a year. Those who haven’t passed away from this deadly habit may be one of the 16 million citizens who suffer from a smoking related disease such as cancer, heart disease, stroke, or diabetes. (29-34) As an additional cost to this health-risking lifestyle “for every person who dies from a smoking-related disease, about 30 more people suffer with at least one serious illness from smoking.” This fact comes for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services who also state that smokers tend to live 10 years less than their counter-part. (2014) This is the present state of smoking and its medical impact on the sub-group, now it is time to look into the history of the sub... ... middle of paper ... ...Tobacco. 2000.
Statistics (Fig 1) shows 150, 000 children between ages 11-15 are regular smokers in England (ASH, 2012; Cancer Research, UK, 2011), 21% of girls a 19% of boys indicating actively smoker (NHS; 2012). However, If current trends persist, one billion people would be killed in the 21st century, 10 million estimated deaths per year will be attributable to its use by 2020 (WHO; 2008). New strategies have to be planned in order to tackle and reduce the consumption of tobacco in the adolescent. This assignment aims to synthesis and evaluate the current evidence on tobacco consumption amongst adolescence in both gender aged between 11-15 years old who are living in Birmingham- West Midlands (UK) . Current polices and strategies which are already in use would be critically appraised, various health behaviors will also be analyzed.
Lung cancer kills more than 20,000 people in the United States every year. (http://community.healthgate.com) The lung damage which causes emphysema is irreversible, and makes it extremely difficult to breath. But the worst thing is that, with any kind of lung disease, it could be fatal. Adults are not the only ones suffering from the illnesses due to smoking. Approximately 4 million children become ill from being exposed to secondhand smoke.
The seller needs to raise the prices in order to decrease the amount of smokers. Our society might just realize how much money they are throwing away. 46.6 million of U.S adults smoke this poisonous substance and it has caused over 8.6 million people to live with a serious illness such as cancer. 3,000 non-smoking Americans die of lung cancer each year. More than $96 billion dollars is spent in one year for medical reasons (www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/ resources/ publications/aag/osh.htm).
1. Introduction Tobacco use constitutes a global epidemic that results in 5 million deaths each year (World Health Organization, 2008). If current trends in tobacco use continue, the number of tobacco-related deaths is expected to rise to 8 million deaths annually by 2030 – with 80 percent of these deaths taking place in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Mathers & Loncar, 2006). Currently, about 10 percent of the world’s smokers live in India (World Health Organization, 2008). The 2009-2010 Global Adult Tobacco Survey, a nationally representative household survey, found that 34.6% of adults over the age of 15 in India currently use tobacco (International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), 2010).
Smoking caused 438,000 deaths per year. Second hand smoke caused more than 41,000 deaths for nonsmokers to die from heart disease or lung cancer. 400 infants die from SIDS. (American Lung Association, 2016). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the article “Health of Cigarette Smoking” more than 10 times as many U.S. citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than have died in all the wars fought by the United States.
According to CNN “The landmark U.S. Surgeon General 's report linked smoking with bad health.” In this study, lung cancer was the first cancer to be linked to smoking in between the 1940s – 1950s. It is also the number one cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Between 80 to 90 percent of all lung cancer today is smoking related and there are eight other cancers linked to smoking. According to the CDC, “Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States.