The Threat of Extremist-Muslim Transnational Terrorism to Australia

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The main purpose of the overview is to understand the threat of extremist-Muslim transnational terrorism, its drivers and origins and the direct threat it poses to Australia and its interests domestically and abroad. It discusses strategies to counter the threat and actions Australia should take given the realization that this is not a threat that will dissipate or that can be effectively defeated with conventional means. Australia’s national security is now facing more audacious and fundamental challenges, directly threatening to our security environment, in the form of extremist-Muslim transnational terrorism. The key objective of the overview is to provide a strategic summary of how Australia can face the challenges of the changing threat that global transnational terrorism presents. The summary it provides is in-line with existing policy on the subject. The effectiveness of regional bilateral relationships to combat transnational terrorism in South East Asia, many of which Australia is a key player in, have been recognized globally. South East Asia is another region where great progress has been made, with Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) and the Abu Sayyaf groups severely undermined by international efforts. The overview provides a range of evidence in support of the main statements that Australia is under threat from transnational terrorism and the on-going need to continually be adaptive and active participants in combating the threat. Essentially the report espouses that Australia is a target because of its global presence and participation in peacekeeping and peacemaking efforts around the world, because of its social values and democratic free society and beliefs that run counter to the believes and ideology of extremist-M... ... middle of paper ... ...rity, April 2005, pp.91 Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Terrorism and Australian Business, December 2004. Pp. 6 Dept. Prime Minister & Cabinet, COUNTER TERRORISM WHITE PAPER Securing Australia | Protecting Our Community 2010, Australian Government, 2010, pp. 67 Dept. Prime Minister & Cabinet, Protecting Australia Against Terrorism 2006: Australia’s National Counter-Terrorism Policy and Arrangements, Australian Government, 2006, pp. 23 Jacobson M. & Levitt M., The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Countering Transnational Threats, Policy Focus #92, 2009, pp.12 RAND Corporation, Aptitude for Destruction, Volume 2: Case Studies of Organizational Learning in Five Terrorist Groups, 2005, pp. 64 White H., LOWY INSTITUTE For International Policy, a focused force AUSTRALIA’S DEFENCE PRIORITIES IN THE ASIAN CENTURY, LOWY INSTITUTE Paper 26, 2009, pp. 46

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