The Theory of Knowledge

Powerful Essays
"That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." Until 1900, human knowledge doubled approximately every century. Post-WWII, it doubled every 25 years. It now appears to grow exponentially. This has resulted in the revision of the information previously thought of as knowledge. This raises these knowledge issues: if knowledge that is accepted today is sometimes discarded tomorrow, and the aim of the natural sciences is to provide the complete objective truth, can science ever achieve this aim? And in the study of history, is information that is considered to be true in the past still useful, and can and should knowledge ever be ‘discarded’? 2500 years ago, Plato defined knowledge as a true justified belief. This condition of ‘true justified belief’ must be met to consider information as knowledge. However, this definition is problematic because it is obstructed by Gettier problems (situations in which someone has a belief that is concurrently true and evidenced, but yet fails to be knowledge). These are situations in which the above conditions were seemingly met but that many philosophers disagree that anything is known. There are differences in opinion for what is meant by justification, and what amount of justification is sufficient for one to believe that it is true. According to science, the stronger and more valid the justification, the more likely it is that a knowledge claim is true. Thus, the scientific method evolved, to provide the highest level of certainty. It is often presumed that the objective of science is to provide certain objective knowledge, but we can see that that’s impossible. How can science reconcile itself to with problem, when what science aims for is certainty? ... ... middle of paper ... Lagemaat, Richard van de. ‘Theory of Knowledge for the IB Diploma’. Cambridge university press. 2007 King, David. The commissar vanishes: The falsification of photographs and art in Stalin's Russia. Metropolitan Books, 1997. Majumder, Sanjoy. "Golden Temple Attack: UK Advised India but Impact 'limited'" BBC News. BBC, 02 Apr. 2014. Web. Verghese, B. G. "The Hindu : Opinion / Leader Page Articles : Myth and Hate as History." The Hindu : Opinion / Leader Page Articles : Myth and Hate as History. The Hindu, 23 June 2004. Web. . Warburton, Nigel. "Chapter 5: Science." Philosophy: The Basics. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 1995. N. pag. Web. Zagzebski, Linda. "The Inescapability of Gettier Problems." The Philosophical Quarterly44.174 (1994): n. pag. Web.
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