The Theory of Caregiver Stress

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Caregiving is an essential and very necessary aspect of the medical field. However, caregiving is also one of the most strenuous and stressful positions that exists. The patients require constant supervision, precise care and an extremely high level of patience, tolerance and skill. Eventually, this type of care begins to take a physical, emotional and financial toll on the caregiver. Because of the adverse effects of this profession, the Theory of Caregiver Stress was developed to aid those working in this difficult profession.

The Theory of Caregiver Stress was a significant breakthrough for the reasoning of why caregivers are so deeply affected by this job. “The Theory of Caregiver Stress was derived from the Roy Adaptation Model to use as basis in understanding the relationships among caregivers and the stress faced when caring for a chronically ill relative” (Tsai, 2003). The Theory of Caregiver stress is a middle-range theory used to predict the outcome for stress and other various side effects (Dobratz, 2011). These adverse effects are predicted by: Demographic Characteristics, Burden in Caregiving, Stressful life events, Social Support and Social Roles. Also, because of the multitude of different scenarios and background for both the patient and the caregiver, these categories are necessary to compare and effectively use the results. The theory makes four main assumptions regarding adaption: “environmental change; the caregivers’ perceptions will determine how they will respond to the environmental stimuli; the caregivers’ adaptation is a function of their environmental stimuli and adaptation level, and lastly the caregivers’ effectors are results of chronic caregiving such examples include marital satisfaction and self-...

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... are as accurate as possible. In all, the development of the Theory of Caregiver Stress has been a great benefit to the medical field and caregivers as a whole.

References

Bainbridge, D. Stress processes in caring for an end-of-life family member: Application of a

theoretical model. Routledge, 13, 537-545. Retrieved May 25, 2014, from the Academic Search Complete (Ebsco) database.

Dobratz, M. C. (2011). Toward development of a middle-range theory of psychological

adaptation in death and dying. Nursing science quarterly, 24(4), 370-376.

Olshevski, J., & Katz, A. (2013). Stress reduction for caregivers. Routledge.

ROY, S. C. (2013). Synthesis of a Middle Range Theory of Coping. Generating Middle Range

Theory: From Evidence to Practice, 211.

Tsai, P. F. (2003). A middle-range theory of caregiver stress. Nursing Science Quarterly, 16(2),

137-145.
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