The Theory Of Psychological Hedonism

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Combining with the theory of psychological hedonism, not granting euthanasia to those terminally ill patients would produce severe consequences. If “pleasure is the only thing that has value” (Lawhead 465), then the human pain and suffering has detriments and should be avoided as possible. For those terminally ill patients, the constant suffering is undoubted and undeniable. If we use Bentham’s method for calculating happiness to calculate the pain those patients encounter and experience, the result is astonishing. Let’s take this 14-year-old Chilean girl as an example, she is genetically inherited with cystic fibrosis which damages multiple organs of human bodies. Such ailment not only constantly produces the serious bodily pain, but it also weakens the body functions and produces bodily disorders, like breathing and digestion difficulty, so the intensity of pain and suffering is inarguably high. Current medical technology could not entirely cure nor improve her health status, and the only thing that heavy medication could do is to sustain the basic functionality of her body and achieve her survival, though it’s not guaranteed. Moreover, most of those heavy medications have corresponded with extensive side effects that contrarily increase patients’ agony. Thus, the duration of such pain and suffering would last as long as she lives, and it is not possible for her to wait for the cure of such disease to emerge or encounter any pleasure under that circumstance. Since the problem with utilitarianism is that people have no access to detect and measure others’ pleasure or pain, the involved people with those ill patients cannot feel the same pain, but it is not true and reasonable to conclude that only the pa... ... middle of paper ... ...ent is granted with euthanasia (or being executed) in order to produce utilities for other people without self willingness, the social justice and basic human rights are seriously deprived and damaged, hence any one in the society could become the target to be sacrificed for the sake of majority of a larger population. My responses about the morality of granting euthanasia for terminally ill patients are the composition of utilitarianism and Kantian deontology. The purpose of alleviating suffering and pain of associated individuals, including patients themselves, is largely achieved by the utility of granting euthanasia for those terminally patients. Specially, the central and fundamental purpose for granting euthanasia for those patients is to use the utility of death to terminate their pain and suffering, simply as a mean to an end.

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