The Theory Of Discourse Community

1030 Words5 Pages
Introduction A Discourse Community is a group of people whose members share the same goals and use mechanisms to communicate with each other through an acquired, specific lexis that enables individuals to attain goals with the help of other expert and intermediate members. I chose to observe a Corporate Entrepreneurship class as my discourse community because I am interested in business and entrepreneurship. My task was to evaluate whether or not exposure to this business course changes the way the individuals within the discourse community communicate with each other and how this change, if any, effects their ability to achieve goals. I do believe the group of members demonstrate the six characteristics represented by a discourse community as defined by Swales. It is important to note that traces of intertextuality exist within this community. Literature Review John Swales, the author of “The Concept of Discourse Community”, thoroughly explains what a discourse community is and has developed six characteristics that define and identify a discourse community. According to Swale’s (1990), a discourse community is a group of people who communicate with each other and share a common goal to which they will help one another achieve using specific mechanisms and lexis (p. 217). The six characteristics used in the identification process are as follows: 1. The group has a number of shared goals. 2. The group uses essential mechanisms specific to that group. 3. The use of mechanisms are used to provide information and feedback among the members. 4. There are one or more genres that enable the intercommunication amongst the members of the group. 5. The group has a specific lexis that is unique to that group. 6. The community has a comb... ... middle of paper ... ...inesses I own and integrate them into discussions in class.” He goes on to further explain how the text used “Corporate Entrepreneurship and Innovation” contains references from books he has previously used in other courses and many of the lessons he was taught as a student. Conclusion We are a part of one or many discourse communities’ that we interact with on a daily basis whether it is leisure, in an academic setting, and at a workplace. In observing a university course, Corporate Entrepreneurship, I analyzed and determined the course was a discourse community by using the six defining characteristics Swales developed. Understanding what a discourse community is will aid productivity in the groups I associate myself with by understanding the different aspects each member brings, using specific lexis to motivate the members, and keeping the common goal clear.
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