The Texas Secessionist Movement By Stephen F. Austin

1325 Words6 Pages
The Texas secessionist movement has received extensive attention from historians, one of the first comes from Anna Irene Sandbo and her article, “Beginnings of the Secession Movement in Texas,” (1914.) Sandbo’s extensive analysis of historical records and the research of state and local editorials on the events as they occurred, help set the foundation for any study of secessionism in Texas during the 1850s. She begins her narrative discussing the early infusion of slaves in the Texas social and economic economy. Starting from Stephen F. Austin Mexican colony in 1829, through the Texas Revolution, and the annexation to United States. Sandbo then outlines the changing views concerning slavery at the turn of nineteenth century where Northern and Southern states shared the same views on developing restrictions upon slavery. Together, they agreed to “abolishing the slave trade, and prohibited slavery forever in the Northwest Territory.” Historical analysis agrees, that these actions affected the Nation in distinct ways; economically, it divided the Nation into two sections. The Northern states embraced the industrial revolution, transitioning their economy from agriculture to manufacturing. It became unprofitable to utilized slaves in a manufacturing economy, resulting in the eventual abolishment of slavery in the Northern states. Southern states assert that the use of slave labor becomes essential to their agriculture economy progress. As the institution of slavery became absent in the Northern states, hostility towards slavery grew. Northerners began to view slavery as inhuman and odious, resulting in the rise of the abolitionist movement and the attempt to end slavery throughout the Nation. Southerners felt the ... ... middle of paper ... ... emigrants, and poor white non-Slaveowners or abolitionists. Addington argues that Slaveowners tried to suppress the Southern press on incidence of insurrection during the periods of 1836 until 1859. Throughout his narrative, Addington provides an extensive array of local counties and state editorials, where they comment on discovering signs of insurrection, slaves possessing arms, and causing incendiary action on residence and local businesses. These editorials outline the capture of participants and the choice of punishment. Addington claims Mexican residence received lashes or escorted out of the county, slaves and whites received whippings or hanged for their actions. He agrees with Sandbo’s assertion that Slaveowners utilized the press to further the secession cause through exaggeration of slave insurrection and the active Abolitionist movement in Texas.

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